دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 78043
عنوان فارسی مقاله

چگونه وجدان و توانایی های شناختی در ارتباط با یکدیگر هستند؟ بررسی مجدد فرضیه جبران هوش

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
78043 2014 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
How are conscientiousness and cognitive ability related to one another? A re-examination of the intelligence compensation hypothesis
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 70, November 2014, Pages 17–22

کلمات کلیدی
فرضیه جبران هوش؛ وجدان؛ توانایی شناختی؛ انتخاب جبرانی؛ نمونه برداری
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله چگونه وجدان و توانایی های شناختی در ارتباط با یکدیگر هستند؟ بررسی مجدد فرضیه جبران هوش

چکیده انگلیسی

Previously, negative associations between intelligence and conscientiousness have been reported and explained in terms of an ‘intelligence compensation hypothesis’ (ICH) whereby higher conscientiousness develops in order to compensate for lower cognitive ability. We argue that conscientious traits, especially those related to achievement, are just as likely to be reinforced by cognitive ability. We evidence this by showing that previous negative associations may be attributable to a compensatory sample selection effect arising because of the use of research samples comprised of participants with achievement above certain thresholds. The associations between conscientiousness and ability in the samples of adolescents and their parents from the Sibling Interaction and Behaviour Study (SIBS) and Minnesota Twin Family Study (MTFS) – which were not selected in this way – were either zero or positive. Further, artificially introducing selection on achievement into these samples biased the associations in the negative direction. Together, these results are consistent with the hypothesis that the true association between these constructs may be zero or positive at the population level but that the use of selected research samples has sometimes resulted in the appearance of a negative association.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.