دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 78087
عنوان فارسی مقاله

بدرفتاری در دوران کودکی،قرار گرفتن در معرض 9/11 ، و ابعاد پنهان آسیب شناسی روانی: آزمون حساسیت استرس

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
78087 2015 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Childhood maltreatment, 9/11 exposure, and latent dimensions of psychopathology: A test of stress sensitization
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Psychiatric Research, Volume 68, September 2015, Pages 337–345

کلمات کلیدی
مرکز تجارت جهانی؛ کودک آزاری؛ کم توجهی به کودک؛ برونی؛ درونی؛ حساس سازی استرس؛ آسیب شناسی روانی؛ استفاده از مواد مخدر؛
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله بدرفتاری در دوران کودکی،قرار گرفتن در معرض  9/11 ، و ابعاد پنهان آسیب شناسی روانی: آزمون حساسیت استرس

چکیده انگلیسی

On September 11, 2001, a terrorist attack occurred in the U.S. (9/11). Research on 9/11 and psychiatric outcomes has focused on individual disorders rather than the broader internalizing (INT) and externalizing (EXT) domains of psychopathology, leaving unknown whether direct and indirect 9/11 exposure differentially impacted these domains rather than individual disorders. Further, whether such effects were exacerbated by earlier childhood maltreatment (i.e. stress sensitization) is unknown. 18,713 participants from a U.S. national sample with no history of psychiatric disorders prior to 9/11 were assessed using a structured in-person interview. Structural equation modeling conducted in a sample who endorsed no psychiatric history prior to 9/11, indicated that indirect exposure to 9/11 (i.e. media, friends/family) was related to both EXT (alcohol, nicotine, and cannabis dependence, and antisocial personality disorder) and INT (major depression, generalized anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)) dimensions of psychopathology (EXT: β = 0.10, p < 0.001; INT: β = 0.11, p < 0.001) whereas direct exposure was associated with the INT dimension only (β = 0.11, p < 0.001). For individuals who had experienced childhood maltreatment, the risk for EXT and INT dimensions associated with 9/11 was exacerbated (Interactions: β = 0.06, p < 0.01; β = 0.07, p < 0.001, respectively). These findings indicate that 9/11 impacted latent liability to broad domains of psychopathology in the US general population rather than specific disorders with the exception of PTSD, which had independent effects beyond INT (as indicated by a significant (p < 0.05) improvement in modification indices). Findings also indicated that childhood maltreatment increases the risk associated with adult trauma exposure, providing further evidence for the concept of stress sensitization.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.