اختلال در نظم احساسات و اضطراب در کودکان و نوجوانان: تفاوت های جنسیتی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|78232||2012||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4566 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 53, Issue 3, August 2012, Pages 284–288
An increasing number of studies has shown that emotion dysregulation plays a key role in relation to childhood anxiety. While gender differences are commonly associated with emotional competence, no study has yet examined whether the relation between emotion dysregulation and anxiety is the same for girls as it is for boys. The present study investigated the possibility of gender differences in the relation between emotion dysregulation and anxiety in a community sample of 544 children and adolescents (298 girls and 246 boys) in the age of 9–16 years. Anxiety was assessed using the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders-Revised (SCARED-R). Emotion dysregulation was measured by the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). Four results emerged from this study. In accordance with previous research, (1) girls experience more anxiety and greater difficulties regulating their negative emotions than boys, and (2) emotion dysregulation has a significant impact on anxiety. Not previously shown, (3) emotion dysregulation is more predictive of anxiety in girls than in boys, and (4) different types of emotion regulation difficulties account for anxiety in girls and boys. Participants’ age did not have an impact on anxiety scores. Findings are discussed with respect to clinical implications and future directions.