دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 78278
عنوان فارسی مقاله

اختلال در نظم احساسات، کورتیزول مقدماتی، و مصرف مواد در نوجوانان شهری

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
78278 2016 6 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Emotion dysregulation, anticipatory cortisol, and substance use in urban adolescents
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 99, September 2016, Pages 200–205

کلمات کلیدی
فضای خانواده؛ اختلال در نظم احساسات؛ کورتیزول مقدماتی؛ استفاده از مواد مخدر؛ تفاوت جنسیتی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله اختلال در نظم احساسات، کورتیزول مقدماتی، و مصرف مواد در نوجوانان شهری

چکیده انگلیسی

Anticipatory cortisol is associated with risk for substance use in adolescents. The present study extended prior literature by testing a model linking family emotional climate, emotion dysregulation, anticipatory cortisol, and substance use. Participants were 229 adolescents (M = 11.94 years, SD = 1.55; 41% male; 92% African American) enrolled in a 4-wave study of stressors, physiological stress responses, and substance use. Caregivers completed measures of family emotional climate at baseline and adolescents' emotion dysregulation one and two years later; adolescents reported on their substance use at baseline and three years later at Wave 4. Adolescents completed a stress task at Wave 4; saliva samples taken immediately prior to the task were analyzed for cortisol. Longitudinal path models revealed that a negative emotional climate at home was associated with elevated emotion dysregulation at subsequent waves for all youth. Emotional dysregulation was prospectively associated with blunted anticipatory cortisol, which in turn was associated with elevated substance use, controlling for baseline substance use and age. However, these associations only were observed for females. This study suggests that helping girls in particular manage their emotional responses to stress more effectively may impact their physiological responses and reduce risk for substance use.

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