دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 78293
عنوان فارسی مقاله

پیش بینی دروغ گفتن جامعه پسند کودکان : انگیزه، متغیرهای اجتماعی سازی، و درک اخلاقی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
78293 2011 20 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Predictors of children’s prosocial lie-telling: Motivation, socialization variables, and moral understanding
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 110, Issue 3, November 2011, Pages 373–392

کلمات کلیدی
دروغ جامعه پسند - انگیزه؛ متغیرهای اجتماعی سازی؛ قضاوت اخلاقی؛ توانایی پنهان؛ ادب
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله پیش بینی دروغ گفتن جامعه پسند کودکان : انگیزه، متغیرهای اجتماعی سازی، و درک اخلاقی

چکیده انگلیسی

Children tell prosocial lies for self- and other-oriented reasons. However, it is unclear how motivational and socialization factors affect their lying. Furthermore, it is unclear whether children’s moral understanding and evaluations of prosocial lie scenarios (including perceptions of vignette characters’ feelings) predict their actual prosocial behaviors. These were explored in two studies. In Study 1, 72 children (36 second graders and 36 fourth graders) participated in a disappointing gift paradigm in either a high-cost condition (lost a good gift for a disappointing one) or a low-cost condition (received a disappointing gift). More children lied in the low-cost condition (94%) than in the high-cost condition (72%), with no age difference. In Study 2, 117 children (42 preschoolers, 41 early elementary school age, and 34 late elementary school age) participated in either a high- or low-cost disappointing gift paradigm and responded to prosocial vignette scenarios. Parents reported on their parenting practices and family emotional expressivity. Again, more children lied in the low-cost condition (68%) than in the high-cost condition (40%); however, there was an age effect among children in the high-cost condition. Preschoolers were less likely than older children to lie when there was a high personal cost. In addition, compared with truth-tellers, prosocial liars had parents who were more authoritative but expressed less positive emotion within the family. Finally, there was an interaction between children’s prosocial lie-telling behavior and their evaluations of the protagonist’s and recipient’s feelings. Findings contribute to understanding the trajectory of children’s prosocial lie-telling, their reasons for telling such lies, and their knowledge about interpersonal communication.

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پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.