تجزیه و تحلیل زمان اجرای یک الگوریتم تکاملی چند هدفه برای به دست آوردن تقریب متناهی از جبهه پارتو
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|78908||2014||16 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||10456 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Information Sciences, Volume 262, 20 March 2014, Pages 62–77
Previous theoretical analyses of evolutionary multi-objective optimization (EMO) mostly focus on obtaining ∊∊-approximations of Pareto fronts. However, in practical applications, an appropriate value of ∊∊ is critical but sometimes, for a multi-objective optimization problem (MOP) with unknown attributes, difficult to determine. In this paper, we propose a new definition for the finite representation of the Pareto front—the adaptive Pareto front, which can automatically accommodate the Pareto front. Accordingly, it is more practical to take the adaptive Pareto front, or its ∊∊-approximation (termed the ∊∊-adaptive Pareto front) as the goal of an EMO algorithm. We then perform a runtime analysis of a (μ+1μ+1) multi-objective evolutionary algorithm ((μ+1μ+1) MOEA) for three MOPs, including a discrete MOP with a polynomial Pareto front (denoted as a polynomial DMOP), a discrete MOP with an exponential Pareto front (denoted as an exponential DMOP) and a simple continuous two-objective optimization problem (SCTOP). By employing an estimator-based update strategy in the (μ+1μ+1) MOEA, we show that (1) for the polynomial DMOP, the whole Pareto front can be obtained in the expected polynomial runtime by setting the population size μμ equal to the number of Pareto vectors; (2) for the exponential DMOP, the expected polynomial runtime can be obtained by keeping μμ increasing in the same order as that of the problem size n ; and (3) the diversity mechanism guarantees that in the expected polynomial runtime the MOEA can obtain an ∊∊-adaptive Pareto front of SCTOP for any given precision ∊∊. Theoretical studies and numerical comparisons with NSGA-II demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed MOEA and should be viewed as an important step toward understanding the mechanisms of MOEAs.