الگوریتم های خوشه بندی محدودیت انرژی برای شبکه های حسگر بی سیم
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|79092||2013||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||10650 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Ad Hoc Networks, Volume 11, Issue 8, November 2013, Pages 2512–2525
Using partitioning in sensor networks to create clusters for routing, data management, and for controlling communication has been proven as a way to ensure long range deployment and to deal with sensor network shortcomings such as limited energy and short communication ranges. Choosing a cluster head within each cluster is important because cluster heads use additional energy for their responsibilities and that burden needs to be carefully passed around among nodes in a cluster. Many existing protocols either choose cluster heads randomly or use nodes with the highest remaining energy. We present an Energy Constrained minimum Dominating Set based efficient clustering called ECDS to model the problem of optimally choosing cluster heads with energy constraints. Our proposed randomized distributed algorithm for the constrained dominating set runs in O(log n log Δ) rounds with high probability where Δ is the maximum degree of a node in the graph. We provide an approximation ratio for the ECDS algorithm of expected size 8HΔ∣OPT∣ and with high probability a size of O(∣OPT∣log n) where n is the number of nodes, H is the harmonic function and OPT means the optimal size. We propose multiple extensions to the distributed algorithm for the energy constrained dominating set. We experimentally show that these extensions perform well in terms of energy usage, node lifetime, and clustering time in comparison and, thus, are very suitable for wireless sensor networks.