یک الگوریتم ابتکاری جدید برای بسته بندی مکعب با محدودیت هیچ گرایش
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|79472||2009||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3635 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Computers & Operations Research, Volume 36, Issue 2, February 2009, Pages 425–432
The three-dimensional cuboids packing is NP-hard and finds many applications in the transportation industry. The problem is to pack a subset of cuboid boxes into a big cuboid container such that the total volume of the packed boxes is maximized. The boxes have no orientation constraints, i.e. they can be rotated by 90∘90∘ in any direction. A new heuristic algorithm is presented that defines a conception of caving degree to judge how close a packing box is to those boxes already packed into the container, and always chooses a packing with the largest caving degree to do. The performance is evaluated on all the 47 related benchmarks from the OR-Library. Experiments on a personal computer show a high average volume utilization of 94.6% with an average computation time of 23 min for the strengthened A1 algorithm, which improves current best records by 3.6%. In addition, the top-10 A2 algorithm achieved an average volume utilization of 91.9% with an average computation time of 55 s, which also got higher utilization than current best records reported in the literature.