الگوریتم های فرا هیوریستیک برای حل یک مسئله تک دوره ای فازی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|8022||2011||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6763 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Mathematical and Computer Modelling, Volume 54, Issues 5–6, September 2011, Pages 1273–1285
Single-period problem (SPP) is a classical stochastic inventory model that has become very popular recently. In this research, we developed a SPP with fuzzy environment. The demand of each product is considered as LR-fuzzy variables (ranking fuzzy numbers based on the left and right deviation degrees), and multiple constraints (including service level, batch order, budget, space and upper limit for each order). The aim of this paper is to maximize the total expected profit under incremental discount strategy. Five hybrid intelligent algorithms based on fuzzy simulation (FS) and meta-heuristic methods are presented; they are bees colony optimization (BCO), harmony search (HS), particle swarm optimization (PSO), genetic algorithm (GA) and simulated annealing (SA). Three numerical examples are presented to illustrate the performance of the algorithms. Our study shows that the BCO-FS hybrid method performs better than the HS-FS, GA-FS, PSO-FS, and SA-FS hybrid methods.
In a single-period model, the useful life of a product is one planning cycle and demand is assumed to be stochastic. This is the case for products such as fresh food, styled goods, newspapers, magazines, and holiday decoration like Christmas trees. It is also referred to as the traveling saleman problem, the newsboy problem or the Christmas tree problem. The model is also suitable for solving hotel rooms and ticketing problems. The aim of the single-period problem is to determine the optimal order quantity for each item at the beginning of the period. Hsu et al. , Chung and Wee  developed replenishment policies for products with short life-cycle. Ishii and Konno  introduced fuzziness of shortage cost explicitly into the classical single-period problem. They investigated the fuzzy single-period problem in which its shortage cost is vague. Ishii and Konno  considered SPP in the presence of uncertainties. They considered the presence of either the fuzzy cost or the fuzzy demand. Kao and Hsu  extended the SPP model for the case where rank fuzzy numbers is adopted. Gue and Chen  investigated the uncertainty of new products demand. Duttaal  presented SPP in an imprecise and uncertain mixed environment. Shao and Ji  considered multi-product SPP problem with fuzzy demands under budget constraint. Ji and Shao  considered the model for SPP with fuzzy demands and quantity discounts in hierarchical decision system. Taleizadeh et al.  considered multi-product multi-constraint SPP with random fuzzy demands and discount. Hu and Yan  considered bi-level SPP which included a single leader and multiple followers, with consistent and inconsistent negative exponential quantity discounts. Dutta and Chakraborty  developed an approach for solving SPP in a fuzzy environment. Wee et al.  developed a multi-objective joint replenishment inventory model of deteriorated items in a fuzzy environment. Huangal  studied a multi-product competitive newsboy problem in which shortage and partial product substitution are permitted. Yao et al.  proposed a newsboy model with products return policy. Chen and Chen  studied a newsboy problem with reservation policy. Zhang and Du  developed a newsboy problem with limited capacity and two different outsourcing policies. Lee and Hsu  studied the effects of advertising on newsboy problem. Zhang and Hua  used a portfolio approach to optimize constraint newsboy problem. The real-world application of this problem is most appropriate for perishable items such as cheese, milk, ice cream and yogurt. Similar use of SPP model can be found in fashion-products businesses . In real life situation, it may not be possible to know the exact distribution function of product demand. This results in the need to consider fuzzy demand or rough variables. Unlike what have been done, our proposed model considers shortage, incremental discount, L–RL–R fuzzy variables and multi-product multi-constraint. The rest of the paper is organized as follows: In Section 2, some definitions of fuzzy and rough environment are described. The problem along with its assumptions is defined and modeled in Section 3. In Section 4, the five hybrid solution algorithms are described. Section 5 shows a numerical example to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed model. Finally a summary is given in Section 6.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper, a fuzzy multi-product multi-constraint SPP is investigated. The mathematical model developed is shown to be a fuzzy integer nonlinear programming type. Five hybrid intelligent algorithms: BCO-FS, HS-FS, PSO-FS, GA-FS and SA-FS are adopted to solve the model. The proposed BCO-FS method is shown to be the best. For future researches, the model can be extended to consider fuzzy multi-period problems and fuzzy multi-objective models with service level as an objective function.