کنترلهای ریسک ارگونومی در صنعت ساخت و ساز-A مرور ادبیات
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|8113||2011||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4450 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Procedia Engineering, Volume 20, 2011, Pages 80–88
This paper overview the ergonomics risk control in construction industry. The objective is to give a basic introduction of ergonomic in construction industry and risk controls in relation to minimize the ergonomics risk factors. The study will highlight five (5) significant ergonomics risk controls. Better communication and management control will enhance ergonomics implementation in the workplace. It is followed by the appropriate ergonomics design, organization training and education. Written ergonomics program statement which outlines the goals and plans for the organization ergonomic program are also essential in order to reduce the ergonomics risk factors.
Ergonomics, as defined by the Board of Certification for Professional Ergonomists (BCPE), "is a body of knowledge about human abilities, human limitations and human characteristics that are relevant to design. Ergonomic design is the application of this body of knowledge to the design of tools, machines, systems, tasks, jobs, and environments for safe, comfortable and effective human use" (BCPE, 1993). The term ergonomics is derived from the Greek word ergos meaning "work" and nomos meaning "natural laws of" or "study of." The profession has two major branches with considerable overlap. One discipline, sometimes referred to as "industrial ergonomics," or "occupational biomechanics," concentrates on the physical aspects of work and human capabilities such as force, posture, and repetition. A second branch, sometimes referred to as "human factors," is oriented to the psychological aspects of work such as mental loading and decision making.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Based on the litrerature review study it can be concluded that there are several control factors that significants to be taken into consideration in order to improved the implementation of ergonomics and reduced the ergonomics risk factors on site such as through enhancing communications and improving ergonomics workplace design. Followed by the managemant control, training and education for the employees and la t but not least a proper written ergonomic programs.