الگوریتم ژنتیک برای مسئله تعمیر ماشین با دو سرور قابل حمل تحت سیاست (0, Q, N, M)
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|8147||2013||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7084 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Applied Mathematical Modelling, Available online 8 April 2013
This paper considers the controllable M/M/2 machine repair problem with L operating machines operating under the triadic (0,Q,N,M)(0,Q,N,M) policy. Expressions for the steady-state probabilities of the number of failed machines in the system are derived and taken in neat closed-form. We establish the total expected cost function per machine per unit time and formulate an optimization problem to find the minimum cost. The genetic algorithm (GA) is implemented to determine the optimal operating (0,Q,N,M)(0,Q,N,M) policy and the service rate simultaneously at the global minimum cost. Sensitivity analysis with numerical illustrations is also provided.
This paper deals with the optimal operation of two removable servers in the machine repair problem (MRP) with L identical operating machines operating under the triadic (0,Q,N,M)(0,Q,N,M) policy. The working servers can be adjusted one at a time at machine’s failure or service completion epochs depending on the number of failed machines in the system. Yadin and Naor  first studied the N policy M/M/1 queue. They introduced the concept of an N policy which turns the server on whenever N (N ≧ 1) or more customers (failed machines) are present in the system, and turns the server off when the system becomes empty. After the server is turned off, the server may not operate until N customers (failed machines) are present in the system. Bell  investigated the optimal operation of an M/M/2 queue with two removable servers. Rhee and Sivazlian  developed the busy period distribution in the controllable M/M/2 queue operating under the triadic (0, K, N, M) policy. The controllable M/M/2 queue operating under the triadic (0, Q, N, M) policy can generalize the ordinary M/M/2 queue, the N policy M/M/1 queue, and the ordinary M/M/1 queue. Wang and Wang  investigated the optimal control of an M/M/2 queue system with finite capacity L operating under the triadic (0, Q, N, M) policy. Wang and Chang  proposed the reliability analysis of a controllable M/M/2 system with warm standbys operating under the triadic (0, Q, N, M) policy. Lin and Ke  examined an infinite capacity multi-server system operating under the triadic policy. Recently, Lin and Ke  analyzed an M/M/r queueing system with infinity capacity in which the number of working servers changes depending on the queue length. They used the genetic algorithm (GA) to determine the optimal thresholds of the queue length and the corresponding service rate. The definition of the triadic (0,Q,N,M)(0,Q,N,M) policy is described in the following. Whenever there are no failed machines in the system, both servers are turned off temporarily, and may not reactivate until certain conditions are satisfied. Initially, we suppose that both servers are turned off. When the number of failed machines in the system waiting for service reaches a specific quantity N which is a decision variable, one of the two servers will be active instantly. At a later time, when the number of failed machines waiting for service increases to another specific quantity M, where N < M, then the remaining server will also be active instantly. However, the number of failed machines in the system decreases to Q where 3 ≦ Q < N, while both servers are active simultaneously, the server just finishing a service will be removed from the system at that time. Furthermore, the number of failed machines in the system reaches to zero while one server is active, the server is turned off until the above conditions are met. In this article, the triadic (0,Q,N,M)(0,Q,N,M) policy is first applied to the finite source MRP. The genetic algorithm (GA) developed by Holland  and further studied by Goldberg , is one of the nature-inspired meta-heuristics utilized to solve difficult optimization problems. GA is a heuristic search technique based on the mechanism of natural selection and survival of fittest. It is a powerful and broadly applicable stochastic search technique for many complicated problems which are very difficult to solve by traditional techniques. Many researchers have found that GA has the superior ability of finding the approximate optimal solution compared with other heuristic algorithms such as tabu search algorithm, simulated annealing and ant colony optimization in some situations. This technique has been successfully applied to a variety of fields. Many well-known applications of GA can be found in the literature (see Lin and Ke  and ; Michalewicz ; Gen and Cheng ; Goldberg and Sastry ). Therefore, the GA has high potential for analyzing complex MRP including economic performance. In this article, the employment of GA to solve the optimal solutions for cost function with three discrete and one continuous decision variables is a new application for the optimization issue of MRP. The main objectives of this paper are described as follows: (1) We use a recursive method to develop the analytic steady-state solutions for the controllable M/M/2 MRP operating under the triadic (0, Q, N, M) policy. (2) We formulate a cost management problem and use the genetic algorithm (GA) to determine the optimal operating (0,Q,N,M)(0,Q,N,M) policy and the service rate simultaneously at the global minimum cost. (3) We perform a sensitivity analysis to study the effects on the optimal value (Q∗,N∗,M∗,μ∗)(Q∗,N∗,M∗,μ∗) if the system and cost parameters take on other specific values.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper, we studied the controllable M/M/2 MRP operating under the triadic (0, Q, N, M) policy. We first developed steady-state analytic solutions and evaluate various system performance measures. The total expected cost function was established to determine the optimal thresholds Q∗, N∗, M∗ and the optimal service rate μ∗ simultaneously at the global minimum cost. Sensitivity analysis of the cost function has been performed for specific values of the system parameters λλ and μ as well as different values of L and (Q, N, M). An efficient and useful algorithm (genetic algorithm) is utilized for searching the optimum values (Q∗, N∗, M∗, μ∗) that minimize the cost function.