دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 8277
عنوان فارسی مقاله

بررسی اثرات مداخله بانک مرکزی ژاپن در نوسانات نرخ ارز دلار / ین

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
8277 2006 13 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Effects of the Bank of Japan's intervention on yen/dollar exchange rate volatility
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Volume 20, Issue 1, March 2006, Pages 99–111

کلمات کلیدی
نوسانات نرخ ارز - مداخله بانک مرکزی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله بررسی اثرات مداخله بانک مرکزی ژاپن در نوسانات نرخ ارز دلار / ین

چکیده انگلیسی

This paper examines the effects of the Bank of Japan's (BOJ) intervention on the volatility as well as the level of the yen/dollar exchange rate. Specifically, the conventional GARCH model proposed by Bollerslev [Bollerslev, T., 1986. Generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity. J. Econometrics 31, 307–327] and the component GARCH model proposed by Engle and Lee [Engle, R.F., Lee, G.G.J., 1999. A long-run and short-run component model of stock return volatility. In: Engle, R., White, H. (Eds.), Cointegration, Causality and Forecasting. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 475–497], where the volatility consists of short-run and long-run components, are estimated using the BOJ's and the Federal Reserve system's (Fed's) official intervention data. Results based on the component GARCH model provide new evidence on the effects of the BOJ's intervention on the volatility of the yen/dollar exchange rate. The BOJ's intervention only reduces the short-run volatility component from the late 1990s to 2003, while it does not have an impact on volatility (both the short- and long-run volatilities) at all in the early 1990s. The stabilizing effect of the BOJ's intervention in the late 1990s and the first few years of the 2000s is not enhanced by the Fed's coordinated intervention. J. Japanese Int. Economies20 (1) (2006) 99–111.

مقدمه انگلیسی

This paper examines the effects of the Bank of Japan's (BOJ) intervention on the behavior of the yen/dollar exchange rate. Recent empirical studies on the effects of foreign exchange intervention by central banks have analyzed the effects of intervention on the volatility as well as the level of the exchange rate. It is well known that exchange rate volatility changes randomly over time. Taking this fact into account, several researchers such as Chang and Taylor (1998) and Dominguez (1998) have employed the most widely used model of exchange rate volatility, the generalized autoregressive conditionally heteroskedastic (GARCH) model proposed by Bollerslev (1986) to investigate the effects of intervention. In particular, Chang and Taylor (1998) and Dominguez (1998) introduce intervention variables as explanatory variables into the mean and volatility equations in the GARCH model. The use of a GARCH model, however, has an important drawback. It is the well-known phenomenon called volatility clustering, that shocks to exchange rate volatility are highly persistent. Incorporating intervention variables into the GARCH volatility equation is equivalent to assuming that the effects of intervention are also persistent. If the effects of intervention on exchange rate volatility are transitory, this approach is not valid. In this paper, to overcome the problem, we use the component GARCH model proposed by Engle and Lee (1999). This model assumes that the volatility consists of two components: one is the long-run volatility component whose shocks are highly persistent, and the other is the short-run volatility component whose shocks are less persistent. By entering the intervention variables into both long-run and short-run volatility equations, we can capture the effects of intervention whether the effects are persistent or not. This paper is also different from previous studies in that we use the BOJ's official intervention data. Previous researchers used the BOJ's intervention data collected from the financial press because the official BOJ's intervention data was not available until July 2001.1 Recently, some studies have examined the effects of intervention using the BOJ's official intervention data. Ito (2002) examined the effects of the BOJ's intervention on the level of the yen/dollar exchange rate using the official intervention data. Frenkel et al. (2003) investigate the accuracy of financial press reports of intervention, and find that they are inaccurate indicators of the actual level of intervention. We examine the effects of intervention on the volatility as well as the level of the yen/dollar exchange rate using the official intervention data with a new methodological tool. The main findings are as follows. First, with respect to the effect of intervention on the level of the yen/dollar exchange rate, the GARCH and the component GARCH models lead to the same result, that the BOJ's intervention is effective in the second half of the sample period, from the late 1990s to 2003, and its effectiveness is enhanced by the Fed's coordinated intervention.2 However, the BOJ's intervention is not effective in the early 1990s. We identify new evidence on the effects of the BOJ's intervention on the yen/dollar exchange rate volatility based on the component GARCH model. Second, the BOJ's intervention reduces the short-run volatility component in the second half of the sample period, while it does not have an impact on the volatility at all in the first half of the sample period. Third, the stabilizing effect of the BOJ's intervention in the whole period is not enhanced by the Fed's coordinated intervention. The rest of this paper is organized as follows. Section 2 describes our data. Section 3 presents estimates of the effects of the BOJ's intervention using the conventional GARCH model, while Section 4 presents estimates of the effects using the component GARCH model. Conclusions are given in Section 5.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

In this paper, the effects of the BOJ's intervention on both the yen/dollar exchange rate volatility and the level of the yen/dollar exchange rate were examined with GARCH models. Traditional GARCH models tend to underestimate the effects of intervention owing to the well-known phenomenon called volatility clustering that shocks to exchange rate volatility are highly persistent. We provide new evidence on the effect of the BOJ intervention on the yen/dollar exchange rate volatility using the component GARCH model proposed by Engle and Lee (1999). This model assumes that the volatility consists of a long-run volatility component whose shocks are highly persistent and a short-run volatility component whose shocks are less persistent. Former studies employing GARCH-type models used the BOJ's intervention data collected from the financial press. In this paper, similar to other recent studies, we used official intervention data from 1991 to 2003. The results described in Sections 3 and 4 indicate that the BOJ's intervention reduced only the short-run volatility component in the second half of the sample period, while it did not have any impact on volatility at all in the first half of the sample period. The stabilizing effect of the BOJ's intervention in the second period was not enhanced by the Fed's coordinated intervention. The GARCH and the component GARCH models led to similar results for the effect of intervention on the level of the yen/dollar exchange rate. The effects of the BOJ's and the Fed's interventions were, contrary to our expectation, positive for the first period. This evidence does not mean that supporting the dollar results in decline in the dollar, rather the evidence is attributed to a sharp appreciation of the yen. Intervention was effective from the late 1990s through to 2003, and its effect on the level of the yen/dollar exchange rate is observable after 1995.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.