|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|83717||2018||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9641 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Project Management, Volume 36, Issue 2, February 2018, Pages 385-395
Philip Selznickâs first bookâTVA and the Grass Roots: A Study in the Sociology of Formal Organization, 1949 TGRâtells the story of how the the ideals of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) were thwarted by the reality of political pressures from its environment. Although TGR boasts one of the highest citations for a scholarly work in management, project management scholars do not cite it. Why has project management scholarship lost one of its founding classics? We investigate why TGR meets the criteria of a classic. We show that TGRâs focus on societal outcomes and ideals is an improvement on conventional project managementâs focus on technical outputs and efficiency. Moreover, TGR contributes process theoriesâe.g., goal displacement and values depletionâfor how major projects often fail. We conjecture that project management scholars ignore TGR because it represents uncomfortable knowledge. Project management discipline is in a crisis. We call for a humanist paradigm shift.