نرخ ارز واقعی، ترازهای تجاری و شوک های اسمی: شواهد G-7
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|8526||2002||22 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8012 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of International Money and Finance, Volume 21, Issue 4, August 2002, Pages 497–518
To identify nominal shocks in structural VAR models of open economies, it is common practice to use purchasing power parity as a long-run identifying restriction so that there are no long-run effects of nominal shocks on real exchange rates. However, in some recent open economy intertemporal models with sticky prices, nominal shocks can have long-run effects on both real exchange rates and trade balances. In this paper, structural VAR models for the G-7 are identified in such a way that nominal shocks, at least potentially, can have long-run effects on a country’s real exchange rate. For the G-7, nominal shocks are found to have a significant long-run effect on each country’s trade balance over the post-Bretton Woods period. We do not have to appeal to hysteresis effects to explain this finding for trade balances, since nominal shocks are found to have a significant long-run effect on each country’s real exchange rate.