طوفان مغزی در مورد نسل بعدی مستندات مبتنی بر کامپیوتر: مطالعه بالینی گروه کاری آمیا
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|9079||2004||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5329 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Medical Informatics, Volume 73, Issues 9–10, September 2004, Pages 665–674
Computer-based software to record histories, physical exams, and progress or procedure notes, known as computer-based documentation (CBD) software, has been touted as an important addition to the electronic health record. The functionality of CBD systems has remained static over the past 30 years, which may have contributed to the limited adoption of these tools. Early users of this technology, who have tried multiple products, may have insight into important features to be considered in next-generation CBD systems. Objective and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, observational study of the clinical working group membership of the American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) to generate a set of features that might improve adoption of next-generation systems. The study was conducted online over a 4-month period; 57% of the working group members completed the survey. Results: As anticipated, CBD tool use was higher (53%) in this population than in the US physician offices. The most common methods of data entry employed keyboard and mouse, with agreement that these modalities worked well. Many respondents had experience with pre-printed data collection forms before interacting with a CBD system. Respondents noted that CBD improved their ability to document large amounts of information, allowed timely sharing of information, enhanced patient care, and enhanced medical information with other clinicians (all P < 0.001). Respondents also noted some important but absent features in CBD, including the ability to add images, get help, and generate billing information. Conclusions: The latest generation of CBD systems is being used successfully by early adopters, who find that these tools confer many advantages over the approaches to documentation that they replaced. These users provide insights that may improve successive generations of CBD tools. Additional surveys of CBD non-users and failed adopters will be necessary to provide other useful insights that can address barriers to the adoption of CBD by less computer literate physicians. Keywords Computer-based documentation; Electronic health record; AMIA 1. Introduction In the past decade, the electronic health record (EHR) has become an important tool for the healthcare provider , , , ,  and . Use of an EHR has been shown to produce more complete clinical documentation than the paper record , leading to more appropriate clinical decisions , , ,  and . In addition, the EHR is recognized for its potential to implement guideline-based healthcare and to identify and limit medical errors ,  and . The full potential of an EHR, however, is far from realized. In fact, the percentage of United States physicians that use this technology is between 3% and 20% , , , ,  and . This may be due to the well-recognized barrier of data entry into an EHR , , ,  and .
In the past decade, the electronic health record (EHR) has become an important tool for the healthcare provider , , , ,  and . Use of an EHR has been shown to produce more complete clinical documentation than the paper record , leading to more appropriate clinical decisions , , ,  and . In addition, the EHR is recognized for its potential to implement guideline-based healthcare and to identify and limit medical errors ,  and . The full potential of an EHR, however, is far from realized. In fact, the percentage of United States physicians that use this technology is between 3% and 20% , , , ,  and . This may be due to the well-recognized barrier of data entry into an EHR , , ,  and . One of the more challenging areas of electronic health record development is integrating the EHR into the workflow of the clinician. In a typical day, as clinicians see patients, they document the patients’ symptoms and any physical findings discovered during the encounter in the form of encounter summaries. These summaries may be initial history and physical reports, follow-up visit notes, progress notes, surgical procedure notes, or consult summaries, depending on the reason for the patient to be seeing the clinician. There are two key aspects of these notes that make them attractive and important for inclusion in the EHR. First, they represent a rich source of data about the patient. These data may be used to generate reports about the quality of care being delivered, and they may be useful for research or for billing. Second, the act of completing this documentation is typically associated with decision making. Therefore, integrating the EHR into the workflow is best accomplished by developing and encouraging the adoption of tools that support integrating the process of clinical documentation into the same system used to generate problem lists, reports, and laboratory/medication orders. These increasingly available computer-based documentation (CBD) software tools , , , , , ,  and  typically allow the clinician to use keyboard entry, handwriting recognition, speech recognition, mouse selection, or a combination of these modalities to complete a medical encounter summary or procedure report. Despite the increasing availability of CBD, anecdotal evidence suggests that its use has not been well accepted by physicians , ,  and . In part, this poor acceptance may be due to the static evolution of these systems; most commercially available systems use a similar user interface (a window divided into a panel for selecting keywords and a panel for viewing the note as it is generated), similar processes to generate the note (using keyword selection and typing) and similar data input modalities (keyboard, mouse, discrete-utterance speech recognition). Although early adopters represent a biased group, their opinions as organizational leaders may be very persuasive to potential adopters of technology  and . This study was conducted to provide a general perception of CBD by a group of early adopters, as well as to prioritize features that they perceive should be present in next-generation systems.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Early adopters of CBD are generally satisfied with the performance of these tools over the systems they replaced in their practices. It is reassuring that these tools, which are designed to produce a more thorough, more legible, and more readily available encounter summary, were perceived to increase the accuracy of the note, improve the legibility of the note without compromising expressivity, and facilitate sharing of information in a timely manner. Early adopters noted some missing, but important, features in their CBD tools, including the ability to add images, get help, and generate billing information. Additional data need to be obtained from clinicians who have heard about but never seen CBD, clinicians who have seen but chosen not to adopt CBD, and clinicians who have stopped using CBD. In the meantime, these results provide additional direction for developers of CBD tools and establish a baseline for additional studies as newer tools emerge and are adopted.