|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|92492||2018||22 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6922 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 188, 1 July 2018, Pages 796-806
The energy crisis and exhaust emissions are serious problems that are largely related to road traffic. One solution to these threats is to switch from traditional gasoline-based vehicles to hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) or electric vehicles (EVs), which also has the benefit of promoting a more sustainable economy. Energy management strategies (EMS) for HEVs or EVs play an important role in improving fuel economy. As a stochastic prediction method, a Markov chain, has been widely used in the prediction of driving conditions, but the application of a Markov chain in the prediction of HEV-operating modes in a rule-based EMS has rarely been presented in the literature. In addition, the threshold selection of rule-based EMS is usually based on experience and it is difficult to achieve optimal performance. In this paper, the impact of operation-mode prediction on rule-based EMS fuel economy has been explored to achieve real-time on-line corrections to motor and engine torque and to enhance their capacity for on-line optimization. Thus, a new EMS for HEV has been proposed based on operation-mode prediction using a Markov chain, which determines the on-line correction of torque distribution between the engine and the electric motor. The Markov decision processes and transition matrix are introduced first, and then, the transition probability matrix and torque correction model are established using the MATLAB/Simulink platform. The results of the simulation show that the proposed approach provides a 13.1% and 9.6% improvement in real fuel consumption under the New European Driving Cycle and the Urban Dynamometer Driving Schedule respectively, in comparison with the conventional rule-based control strategies without operation-mode prediction. The results also show that the proposed control strategy can significantly enhance the real-time optimization control performance of the EMS while maintaining the state of charge within a reasonable range.