دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 9558
عنوان فارسی مقاله

عوامل مدیریتی عملکرد تحقیق و توسعه : تجزیه و تحلیل صنعت شیمیایی/ مواد جهانی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
9558 2002 24 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 9280 کلمه
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Managerial determinants of industrial R&D performance : An analysis of the global chemicals/materials industry
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 69, Issue 2, 15 February 2002, Pages 129–152

کلمات کلیدی
& - /عملکرد تحقیق و توسعه - صنعت شیمیایی/ مواد - استراتژی تکنولوژی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله عوامل مدیریتی عملکرد تحقیق و توسعه : تجزیه و تحلیل صنعت شیمیایی/ مواد جهانی

چکیده انگلیسی

A general framework has been proposed for analyzing the impact of various managerial strategies on the overall outcomes of a firm's research and development (R&D) efforts. It suggests that three elements are critical: posture and direction, systems, and adjustment processes. The framework led to the development of a series of 20 hypotheses regarding managerial practice. These hypotheses were tested using data gathered from 29 chemicals/materials firms as part of a global assessment of strategic management of technology. Multifaceted measures of R&D impact were evaluated: (i) an index of R&D performance, (ii) time from concept to realization of product and process innovation, and (iii) satisfaction of three different stakeholders of the firm's R&D undertakings. Important differences were indicated among the strategies that most affect each performance measure, although the use of multifunctional teams and the corporate-level development and acceptance of technology strategy mechanisms were significant factors across the board. The results support the framework in that key contributors to R&D outcomes were found in managerial approaches that relate to each of the three elements.

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