عوامل مدیریتی عملکرد تحقیق و توسعه : تجزیه و تحلیل صنعت شیمیایی/ مواد جهانی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|9558||2002||24 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9280 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 69, Issue 2, 15 February 2002, Pages 129–152
A general framework has been proposed for analyzing the impact of various managerial strategies on the overall outcomes of a firm's research and development (R&D) efforts. It suggests that three elements are critical: posture and direction, systems, and adjustment processes. The framework led to the development of a series of 20 hypotheses regarding managerial practice. These hypotheses were tested using data gathered from 29 chemicals/materials firms as part of a global assessment of strategic management of technology. Multifaceted measures of R&D impact were evaluated: (i) an index of R&D performance, (ii) time from concept to realization of product and process innovation, and (iii) satisfaction of three different stakeholders of the firm's R&D undertakings. Important differences were indicated among the strategies that most affect each performance measure, although the use of multifunctional teams and the corporate-level development and acceptance of technology strategy mechanisms were significant factors across the board. The results support the framework in that key contributors to R&D outcomes were found in managerial approaches that relate to each of the three elements.