یک چارچوب برای استفاده از شبیه سازی آتش محاسباتی در مراحل اولیه طراحی کشتی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|95955||2017||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Ocean Engineering, Volume 129, 1 January 2017, Pages 335-342
Fires on ships spread rapidly and are difficult to control. Both passengers and some ship crew maybe unfamiliar with real fire situations. Mismanagement or a delayed preliminary response can yield fatal damage to a ship, including the loss of lives. Despite all ships being built in accordance with to fire safety rules and regulations, ship fire accidents still occur. Currently, computational simulation tools are used to predict and mitigate fire propagation during the ship design process. Dynamic fire simulations can assist better appreciation of heat and smoke tendencies and behavior based on cause, location and environmental conditions. Moreover, ship designers can apply fire control options, such as fume-tight doors, sprinklers, water mist while giving due consideration for improved survivability. However, fires have no reproducibility, and many types of equipment and facilities cannot be considered in such simulations. In addition, applying the simulation is sometimes difficult because the design process is typically limited by budget and time constraints. Numerous fire scenarios are required for accurate simulations. Vague and varying simulation requirements can confuse ship designers. Consistently decreasing design freedom and major design revision requirements can cause projects to fail. Therefore, a framework for using computational fire simulations during the early phases of ship design was explored in this study. This work is focused on how to arrange fire control options with minimal changes of existing design procedures.