درک استراتژی کسب و کار آسیا: مدل سازی راندمان مشروعیت تعبیه شده مبتنی بر نهاد
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|12906||2013||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Business Research, Volume 66, Issue 12, December 2013, Pages 2369–2374
To understand the unique aspects of Asian business practice, we propose a conceptual framework of institution-based, legitimacy-embedded efficiency. We underscore the institutional foundations of Asian business practice and propose that gaining legitimacy takes priority in order to attain the efficiency that follows from legitimacy in Asian business practice. We then highlight several fundamental, philosophic principles that define the meaning of legitimacy and ways to achieve legitimacy in Asian societies. We also provide a brief summary of each paper in this special issue and then proceed to pinpoint desirable directions for further research in light of our conceptual framework.
With the rapid growth of Asian economies, interest is growing among executives seeking to acquire in-depth insight into cultural and institutional aspects of Asian business practices. In most Asian countries, institutions are often informal, weakly formalized, or even non-existent (e.g., in much of rural India) (Khanna & Palepu, 2000). Although many Asian countries are undergoing institutional transitions toward legalized societies and market-driven economies, which entail dramatic changes in people's values and lifestyles (Peng, Wang, & Jiang, 2008), informal institutions such as cultural norms and customs remain potent in affecting Asian business practice, and the ways in which they affect business remain essentially uncharted. As such, scholars are calling for more novel theories that shed light on management and marketing strategy from an Asian perspective (Fam et al., 2009 and Yang et al., 2011). Asian institutional environments (e.g., regulatory, normative, and cognitive institutions), along with industrial organizational structures and firm factors are exerting substantial impacts on firm strategy and performance (Galbreath and Galvin, 2008 and Zhou et al., 2005). Thus, this special issue devotes much of its attention to understanding Asian business practice and, in turn, contributing to Asian theories of strategic management and marketing. Our call for papers has generated much interest from all over the world, as evidenced by 125 articles, representing overwhelming numbers of submissions for a single special issue. In this introduction, we first propose a conceptual framework of institution-based, legitimacy-embedded efficiency to provide a concise, yet useful, scheme in understanding management and marketing strategy in Asia. We underscore the institutional underpinnings of business strategies which enhance legitimacy and efficiency. We then highlight several fundamental, philosophical principles related to business strategy, which provide profound understanding of how informal institutions shape the strategies that firms employ and the actions that managers take in most Asian countries. We give a brief summary of each paper in this special issue to guide readers in navigating the voluminous content. We finally point out what we have learned from these studies, thus enabling us to outline directions for further research.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
To guide and assist readers in comprehending indigenous Asian management and marketing strategies, we provide a conceptual model of institution-based, legitimacy embedded efficiency that integrates findings in this special issue and identifies directions for further research. We propose that achieving both legitimacy and efficiency requires a deep understanding of Asian institutional environments and their driving forces, such as Asian cultural principles. All papers in this special issue conduct their studies in a context of at least one specific Asian country. The theories they employed, however, are mainly from the West. While this emic approach is appropriate for theory testing, it is nevertheless quite impractical for developing Asian-born theories (Hwang, 2012). We thus encourage scholars to employ novel, innovative, emic approaches to advance our body of strategic management and marketing in their future studies. Another main limitation of this special issue resides in the lack of adequate studies drawn from concepts indigenous to Asian markets (such face and favor) or from thinking from Asian philosophies, cultures, and even religions. As we propose above, these Asian cultural elements define the meaning of legitimacy and the way to achieve it. Future research should explore the driving forces of Asian institutional environments and reveal their working mechanism on firm legitimacy and efficiency from a strategic management and marketing perspective.