دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 131724
ترجمه فارسی عنوان مقاله

مردم عادی فکر میکنند که آزادی آزادی، فقدان محدودیت است، نه وجود یک روح

عنوان انگلیسی
Ordinary people think free will is a lack of constraint, not the presence of a soul
کد مقاله سال انتشار تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی
131724 2018 19 صفحه PDF
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Consciousness and Cognition, Volume 60, April 2018, Pages 133-151

ترجمه کلمات کلیدی
اراده آزاد، محدودیت ها، باورها، انتخاب
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی
Free will; Constraints; Beliefs; Choice;
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله  مردم عادی فکر میکنند که آزادی آزادی، فقدان محدودیت است، نه وجود یک روح

چکیده انگلیسی

Four experiments supported the hypothesis that ordinary people understand free will as meaning unconstrained choice, not having a soul. People consistently rated free will as being high unless reduced by internal constraints (i.e., things that impaired people’s mental abilities to make choices) or external constraints (i.e., situations that hampered people’s abilities to choose and act as they desired). Scientific paradigms that have been argued to disprove free will were seen as reducing, but usually not eliminating free will, and the reductions were because of constrained conscious choice. We replicated findings that a minority of people think lacking a soul reduces free will. These reductions in perceived free will were fully explained by reductions in people’s perceived abilities to make conscious decisions. Thus, some people do think you need a soul to have free will—but it is because they think you need a soul to make conscious decisions.