تغییر در جوامع میکروبی خاک با درگیری درختان در مراتع درون مغولستان، چین
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|149609||2017||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : European Journal of Soil Biology, Volume 79, MarchâApril 2017, Pages 40-47
The ongoing expansion of shrub encroachment into grasslands represents a unique form of land cover change. How this process affects soil microbial communities is poorly understood. In this study, we aim to assess the effects of shrub encroachment on soil microbial biomass, abundance and composition by comparing data between shrub patches and neighboring herb patches in shrub-encroached grasslands (SEGs) in Inner Mongolia, China. Fourteen SEG sites from two ecosystem types (typical and desert grasslands) were investigated. The phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) method was used to analyze the composition and biomass of the soil microbial community. Our results showed that the top-soil microbial biomass and abundances of gram-negative bacteria, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, and actinomycetes were significantly higher in shrub patches than in herb patches in both typical and desert grasslands (PÂ <Â 0.05). The fungi to bacteria ratio was significantly higher in shrub patches than in herb patches in desert grassland (PÂ <Â 0.05). The microbial biomass was positively associated with mean annual precipitation, total nitrogen and available phosphorus, and negatively associated with mean annual temperature. Our results also indicated that the variation in microbial composition was largely explained by edaphic factors, followed by climate factors. In conclusion, shrub encroachment in Inner Mongolia grasslands has significantly influenced the structure and abundance of soil microbial communities, which makes the microbial communities toward a fresh organic carbon-based structure. This study highlights the importance of edaphic and climate factors in microbial community shifts in SEGs.