یک مدل انتخاب تامین کنندگان چند هدفه تحت شرایط تقاضای تصادفی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|19129||2007||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Production Economics, Volume 105, Issue 1, January 2007, Pages 150–159
Supplier selection is a typical multi-criteria decision problem attracting great attention recently. Cost, quality, delivery and flexibility are generally involved in the supplier selection decision making. In this paper, a measurement of supplier flexibility is extended to consider demand quantity and timing uncertainties comprehensively. A multi-objective supplier selection model is developed under stochastic demand conditions. Stochastic supplier selection is determined with simultaneous consideration of the total cost, the quality rejection rate, the late delivery rate and the flexibility rate, involving constraints of demand satisfaction and capacity. Using a problem specific genetic algorithm, computational results are presented.
In the last several decades, the supplier (or vendor) selection problem has gained great attention in business literature and practices. It may be the most important decision made in the purchasing process (e.g. Weber et al., 1991, Nydick and Hill, 1992 and Mobolurin, 1995). The supplier selection problem was defined as which supplier(s) should be selected and how much order quantity should be assigned to each supplier selected (Weber and Current, 1993). Supplier selection is a typical multi-criteria decision problem. Twenty three selection criteria were identified in the vendor selection process (Dickson, 1966). The coverage of these 23 criteria was investigated in the literature published from 1966 to 1990, and it was found that price, delivery and quality were the most discussed factors (Weber et al., 1991). The importance of selection criteria was studied and the ranking was found to be quality, service, price and delivery (Wilson, 1994). The gap between the perception and the actual practice of selection criteria was investigated, in which price, quality, delivery and flexibility were the criteria studied (Verma and Pullman, 1998). The investigation revealed that flexibility attracted considerable attention in recent studies. While earlier studies on flexibility focused on manufacturing flexibility, recent attention turned to that of supply chain (e.g. Vickery et al., 1999, Das and Abdel-Malek, 2003, Lummus et al., 2003, Wadhwa and Rao, 2004 and Pujawan, 2004). Pujawan presented a framework for assessing the flexibility of a supply chain including the flexibility of product delivery system, production system, product development and supply system (Pujawan, 2004). It was put forward that the flexibility of the entire supply chain was a result of the flexibility of the supply chain components and their interrelationships (Lummus et al., 2003). Therefore, suppliers are supposed to provide enough flexibility to appropriately adjust their supply processes as demand conditions change, and thus to contribute to the flexibility of supply chains. A key problem is how to measure the flexibility of a supplier. A measurement was developed for supply chain flexibility between a supplier–buyer pair with consideration of demand quantity and timing reduction uncertainties (Das and Abdel-Malek, 2003). In this work, the measurement of supplier flexibility is extended to consider the uncertainty when the demand quantity is randomly raised. A multi-objective supplier selection model was built under deterministic demand conditions assuming known and fixed demand quantity and timing, optimizing cost, quality and delivery (Weber and Current, 1993). Another extension in this paper is the development of a multi-objective supplier selection model under stochastic demand conditions with constraints of demand satisfaction and capacity, optimizing cost, quality, delivery and in addition flexibility. The rest of the paper is organized as follows. Stochastic demand conditions and supplier flexibility are illustrated in Section 2. Model development is performed in Section 3. Genetic algorithm application is introduced in Section 4. A numerical example and computational results are reported in Section 5. Conclusions are finally drawn in Section 6.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This paper studies the supplier selection problem under stochastic demand conditions. Based on the work of Das and Abdel-Malek (2003), this paper extends the measurement of supplier flexibility to consider demand quantity reduction/increase uncertainties and demand timing reduction uncertainty. Additionally, this work extends the development of a multi-objective supplier selection model under stochastic demand quantity and timing conditions with constraints of demand satisfaction and capacity, based on the work of Weber and Current (1993) and Weber and Desai (1996). In the stochastic model, flexibility is included in the objective function. Besides the purchasing cost, the total cost includes the demand uncertainty penalties as well, i.e. EDQRP, EDQIP and EDTRP. Also, the demand satisfaction constraint is remodelled as an equality one. A genetic algorithm is utilized to handle the combinatorial optimization problem developed in this paper. A problem specific operator Demand is designed to handle the difficult demand equality constraint. The computational results document multiple stochastic supplier selection alternatives and objective trade-offs as well. In this numerical example, it is noted that flexibility plays an important role in the stochastic supplier selection situation and it is observed that flexibility and quality are in accordance with each other while flexibility and cost are conflicting with each other. The solution alternatives and objective trade-offs are valuable for the final supplier selection. In conclusion, the proposed model in this paper is supposed to provide extensive decision support for multi-criteria (in particular flexibility) supplier selection and negotiation in the stochastic case.