خلاقیت فردی در تیم: اهمیت رسانه ای ترکیب ارتباطات
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|2237||2010||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Decision Support Systems, Volume 49, Issue 3, June 2010, Pages 290–300
We use compensatory adaptation and dual coding theories to explore the effects of communication media use on creativity. Our field study results show that high levels of self-esteem and information-based demographic differences positively influence creativity. Social category differences negatively influence creativity. Communication media mix is an important moderator, improving the relationship of self-esteem and social category demographic differences with creativity when individuals have proportionally more mediated communication. The relationship between information-based demographic differences and creativity is attenuated when individuals use proportionally more mediated communication. The results have implications for managers encouraging creativity among a diverse workforce using multiple communication media.
Creativity is increasingly important to organizations as they attempt to not only earn short-term profits but also develop new and interesting products and services that enable them to survive over the long term  and . One way to foster creativity is through the use of teams. Organizations use teams to facilitate effectiveness and empowerment  and  and to realize the potential benefits of diversity  that can contribute to creativity . Technology advances have made the use of teams even more advantageous as organizations are able to bring together the appropriate people to work on a project, regardless of their locations . The increased use of technology presents interesting opportunities and challenges for supporting creativity in organizations . However, little research has examined the role of mediated communication in enhancing (or hindering) creativity. Mediated communication refers to communication that takes place using some sort of communication technology. Examples include email, telephone, instant messaging, and video conferencing. Research has demonstrated that mediated communication offers both challenges and opportunities for organizations. On one hand, communication technology enables diverse groups of people to collaborate and make decisions, regardless of their geographic locations . On the other hand, some research suggests that the potential for process losses exists when using mediated communication, particularly for certain types of individuals  and . However, process losses that occur because of mediated communication challenges may actually be beneficial when the end result is a creative product or process. In addition to creativity stemming from differential mediated communication usage, we explore how differences in demographic characteristics and self-esteem impact individuals working in a team. Research has suggested that certain personality characteristics such as confidence and high levels of self-esteem may be correlated with individual creativity  and . Other studies have shown that environmental factors such as empathetic and supportive supervisors  and workgroup support  and  positively affect individual creativity. Czikszentmihalyi  argues that individual creativity does not occur in isolation, but is a result of interactions among people; this argument has found support from organizational researchers studying networks, team-level creativity, and team learning behavior , ,  and  Other research argues for the importance of demographic differences among individuals as a means of enhancing creativity  and . These individual characteristics and demographic differences highlight the important contribution that the organizational environment makes to individual creativity. We extend this line of research by focusing on the role of the mediated communication on individual creativity. Although the current study investigates the effect of mediated communication, demographic differences, and self-esteem on individual creativity, our main contribution is to examine the direct and indirect roles that communication media mix (i.e., the proportion of mediated and non-mediated communication) has on creativity. We do this by examining how multi-modal communication (i.e., the mix of communication media use)  directly and indirectly affects creativity based on compensation adaptation and dual coding theories. Second, we investigate how demographic differences influence creativity by distinguishing among different types of diversity using social identity and cognitive resource theories. While previous research has found support for the idea that diversity is beneficial for creativity , we believe that not all forms of diversity will affect creativity in the same way, particularly when examined in light of communication media use. These contributions will enable us to extend theory in the areas of multi-modal communication, diversity, and creativity as well as provide specific guidance for managers who wish to increase creativity among employees who have access to other employees through both mediated and non-mediated communication.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this study, we proposed a model of individual creativity that incorporated individual, demographic, and communication media mix differences. Our results indicate that informational and social demographic differences operate on creativity differently. Specifically, social category differences influence creativity negatively, while informational differences have a positive impact. Finally, the nature of communication (mediated in relation to face-to-face) has important moderating effects on the relationship between the differences and creativity, suggesting that mediated communication has an important role to play in enhancing creativity.