دیوانه شدن: خوشایندی و صداقت-فروتنی به عنوان پیش بینی نیات انتقام
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|36512||2012||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 52, Issue 5, April 2012, Pages 596–600
HEXACO Agreeableness has been suggested to be the personality dimension that chiefly underlies forgiveness and retaliation, but some evidence suggests that these variables are also related to Honesty-Humility. In this study, self- and peer reports of personality were collected from a sample of 198 students to examine how the HEXACO Agreeableness and Honesty-Humility factors differentially predict responses to a hypothetical transgression. Honesty-Humility was found to correlate more strongly with the intention to commit vengeful acts that are premeditated and calculated than with the intention to engage in immediate retaliation or displaced aggression. In contrast, HEXACO Agreeableness was related to all of these outcome variables, showing no such differential relations.
During the past decade, much research attention has been devoted to the personality correlates of revenge and forgiveness. In studies adopting the Big Five model of personality structure, Agreeableness and Emotional Stability have been found to show significant associations with variables related to revenge and forgiveness (e.g., McCullough, Bellah, Kilpatrick, & Johnson, 2001). Recently, some authors have investigated such variables in relation to the HEXACO model of personality (Ashton & Lee, 2007), and have found that HEXACO Honesty-Humility and Agreeableness show significant associations with forgiveness-related variables (Perugini et al., 2003, Shepherd and Belicki, 2008 and Sheppard and Boon, 2012). The present research was conducted to examine further how HEXACO Honesty-Humility and Agreeableness influence the ways in which people react to transgressions and provocations. Before discussing the primary aims of the present research, we first provide an overview of the HEXACO model of personality structure.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The results of this study suggest the following conclusions about the personality bases of responses to transgressions. First, the low pole of HEXACO Agreeableness underlies the basic inclination to have strong and persistent feelings of resentment in response to transgressions. But in addition, the low pole of HEXACO Honesty-Humility contributes—about as strongly as does low Agreeableness—to the willingness to undertake calculated retaliatory action against the transgressor.