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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Omega, Volume 41, Issue 4, August 2013, Pages 731–734
The current paper proposes a slack-based version of the Super SBM, which is an alternative super-efficiency model for the SBM proposed by Tone. Our two-stage approach provides the same super-efficiency score as that obtained by the Super SBM model when the evaluated DMU is efficient and yields the same efficiency score as that obtained by the SBM model when the evaluated DMU is inefficient. The projection identified by the Super SBM model may not be strongly Pareto efficient; however, the projection identified from our approach is strongly Pareto efficient
Since the advent of data envelopment analysis (DEA), which was first introduced by Charnes et al. , many papers have been published on its methodology and applications. There are two types of DEA models, the radial and non-radial models. The CCR model measures the radial efficiency of the inputs (input-oriented) or outputs (output-oriented) by gauging the ratio of the inputs to be contracted or the ratio of the outputs to be enlarged so that the evaluated DMU becomes efficient. One of the limitations of radial models is that radial efficiency does not reflect all inefficiency of a DMU . Slacks need to be considered simultaneously with radial efficiency to identify the “real” projection of a DMU. To overcome this, Charnes et al.  developed additive model of DEA, which deals with input excesses and output shortfalls directly. Though the additive model can discriminate between efficient and inefficient DMUs, the model provides no efficiency measure so that decision maker can tell how well a DMU performs. In light of these issues, Tone  proposed a non-radial model called SBM (slacks-based measure), which uses the term “slacks” to represent the input excesses and output shortfalls and deals with them directly and by maximizing theses slacks. The hallmark of SBM is that SBM provides efficiency score which is units-invariant and a monotone function of input slacks and output slacks. To break the ties of efficient DMUs, Andersen and Petersen  proposed a radial super-efficiency model under the condition of constant returns to scale (CRS). The super-efficiency model under the condition of variable returns to scales (VRS) may suffer from infeasibility. Chen et al.  proposed a modified VRS super‐efficiency model which successfully addresses the infeasibility issues occurring either in conventional VRS models or the N–L super‐efficiency model. Chen  proposed a modified model to tackle the infeasibility occurred when super-efficiency data envelopment analysis is used in ranking the efficient DMUs. For more detail discussions on the infeasibility, please refer to Seiford and Zhu , Lovell and Rouse , Cook et al. , Chen , Lee et al. , Chen and Liang , and Lee and Zhu . As a non-radial approach, Tone , based on SBM, proposed another model to rank efficient DMUs. Tone's Super SBM requires that standard SBM is run first to classify efficient and inefficient DMUs, and next Super SBM is run only for the efficient DMUs. However, the projection identified by Super SBM may not be strongly Pareto efficient. In this paper, we propose an alternative two-stage approach so that the projection identified will be strongly Pareto efficient and the efficiency score is the same as Tone's approach. We transform Tone's Super SBM into a slack-based version so that identified slacks can be incorporated into the standard SBM. With such modification, the slack-based version of Super SBM and the revised SBM can work collaboratively. We reverse the sequence of optimizations, where the slack-based version of Super SBM is run first and then the revised SBM is run to determine the real projection and standard SBM score. This paper is organized as follows: Section 2 briefly reviews the SBM model and the Super SBM model. In Section 3, the alternative approach is presented. Numerical examples are demonstrated in Section 4. Some remarks will follow in Section 5.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
The current paper develops an alternative super-efficiency model for the SBM model proposed by Tone; moreover, the projection identified from our approach will be strongly Pareto efficient. We have shown that our two-stage approach provides the same super-efficiency score as that given by the Super SBM model when the evaluated DMU is efficient and the same efficiency score as that obtained by the SBM model when the evaluated DMU is inefficient. Examples used in Tone  are re-visited to demonstrate that our approach provides the same results as Tone's models and the projections are Pareto efficient.