حامل های پویا و تخصیص قدرت بر اساس بازی های مشارکتی در شبکه های OFDMA همکاری متقارن
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|7606||2011||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : The Journal of China Universities of Posts and Telecommunications, Volume 18, Issue 2, April 2011, Pages 9–16
In order to improve the efficiency and fairness of radio resource utilization, a scheme of dynamic cooperative subcarrier and power allocation based on Nash bargaining solution (NBS-DCSPA) is proposed in the uplink of a three-node symmetric cooperative orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) system. In the proposed NBS-DCSPA scheme, resource allocation problem is formulated as a two-person subcarrier and power allocation bargaining game (SPABG) to maximize the system utility, under the constraints of each user's maximal power and minimal rate, while considering the fairness between the two users. Firstly, the equivalent direct channel gain of the relay link is introduced to decide the transmission mode of each subcarrier. Then, all subcarriers can be dynamically allocated to the two users in terms of their selected transmission mode. After that, the adaptive power allocation scheme combined with dynamic subcarrier allocation is optimized according to NBS. Finally, computer simulation is conducted to show the efficiency and fairness performance of the proposed NBS-DCSPA scheme.
Recently, cooperative communication has been considered as an efficient technique to achieve the cooperation diversity gain over wireless fading channels to enlarge system coverage and increase link reliability . Cooperation allows multiple distributed terminals to share their antennas, creates a virtual multiple-antenna environment and thus achieves an increased rate or decreased outage probability. Every rational user will face the basic decisions, such as when and how to cooperate. To satisfy user requirement and optimize system performance, analyzing the behaviors of rational users and allocating energy and bandwidth have become challenges for radio resource management. Game theory has been proposed as a possible tool in modeling the interactions among the autonomous users. The bargaining theory, as a kind of cooperative game model, has been widely discussed for its efficiency and fairness performance [2–4]. For the three-node symmetric model, most of the previous works based on NBS were only involved with allocating one kind of resource, which means either bandwidth exchange with fixed user transmit power or power bargaining over the given orthogonal channels. For instance, a cooperative bandwidth allocation in a three-node symmetric system model with two users and an access point is formulated as a two-person bargaining game using NBS in Ref. . In Ref. , a fair power sharing scheme using NBS between two selfish users is proposed in a similar model, in which the user utility is represented by the effective signal noise ratio (SNR). In Ref. , power allocation is formulated as a two-person bargaining game, where relay station tries to sell its data rate at some fixed price to the source station and the utility of the user station is the monetary value converted from the data rate. Hence, in order to further enhance the efficiency of resource utilization, bandwidth allocation and power allocation are jointly considered and optimized in the paper. A scheme of dynamic cooperative subcarrier and power allocation based on NBS-DCSPA is proposed for radio resource allocation in the uplink of a three-node symmetric cooperative OFDMA system. Besides the increase of the system efficiency, the proposed NBS-DCSPA scheme can also improve user fairness. Simulation results prove that the sum-rate of the system, the rate of each user and the fairness are improved compared with the non-cooperative scheme. The rest of this paper is organized as follows. In Sect. 2, the system model is given. In Sect. 3, the resource allocation problem is formulated as a two-person SPABG. The NBS-DCSPA scheme is proposed for joint optimization. In Sect. 4, computer simulation is conducted to show the effectiveness of the proposed NBS-DCSPA scheme. In Sect. 5, conclusions are drawn.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper, subcarrier and power allocation are jointly investigated in the uplink of a symmetric cooperative OFDMA system composed of two users and a BS, where each user can act as a source as well as a potential relay. Resource allocation formulation is proved to be a two-person bargaining game. The NBS-DCSPA scheme is developed to decompose the joint optimization problem into DSA and APA by suboptimal algorithms. From a perspective of subcarrier transmission mode selection, the proposed NBS-DCSPA scheme provides a solution about when and how to cooperate. The simulation results show that in the NBS-DCSPA scheme, the user far from BS can be allocated more subcarriers and has more subcarriers with AF transmission mode used for the cooperative communication. Comparing with the non-cooperative scheme with max-min criterion, the sum-rate of the two users, the rate of each user and the fairness are all improved.