گوشی های هومو گرافیک و غیرگرافیک در تولید گفتار: آیا رسم الخط اهمیت دارد؟
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|29993||2008||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9458 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Cortex, Volume 44, Issue 6, June 2008, Pages 683–697
This paper investigates homophone naming performance in an individual with impaired word retrieval. The aim of the study is to investigate the status of homophone representations using treatment of homophone picture naming in aphasia. The focus of this paper is the representation of heterographic homophones (words which sound the same but are spelled differently, e.g., ‘knight’ vs. ‘night’). Additionally, we replicate and expand previous findings regarding homographic homophones of Biedermann and Nickels (2008) in English and Biedermann et al. (2002), in German. Two theoretical positions about the mental representation of homophones are tested. First, do homophones – regardless of whether they are spelled the same or differently – share a phonological word form (e.g., Levelt et al., 1999; Dell, 1990)? Or second, do they have independent phonological word forms? (e.g., Caramazza et al., 2001; Miozzo and Caramazza, 2005)? In addition, might it be the case that homographic and heterographic homophones behave differently in word production reflecting different word form representations? These theoretical accounts are put to the test by looking at the generalisation of improvement following the treatment of homophone naming in aphasia, in particular, whether picture naming improves for both homophone meanings if only one is treated using a phonological cueing hierarchy. Treated and untreated homophones improved significantly, regardless of their spelling. Homographic and heterographic homophones showed the same pattern of generalisation. There was no generalisation for phonologically related controls. The pattern of generalisation extends our previous findings (Biedermann et al., 2002; Biedermann and Nickels, 2008) by showing evidence that heterographic homophones benefit to the same extent as homographic homophones. These results are interpreted as favouring a theory where both homographic and heterographic homophones share a single phonological representation. It is inferred that facilitation of naming takes place at the level of phonological representations, where orthography seems to have no influence.
Homophones are words which sound the same but have two or more different meanings. They can be spelled the same (e.g., ‘ball’ (dancing event) and ‘ball’ (sports equipment)) and are therefore called homographic or spelled differently (e.g., ‘knight’ and ‘night’) and are therefore called heterographic 1. The representation of homophones for speech production has been investigated in several recent studies (e.g., Biedermann et al., 2002, Biedermann and Nickels, 2008, Caramazza et al., 2001, Dell, 1990, Jescheniak and Levelt, 1994, Jescheniak et al., 2003, Miozzo et al., 2004 and Miozzo and Caramazza, 2005). While a lot of time has been spent investigating how homophones are represented for speech production, no study has contrasted homographic and heterographic homophones directly.