ویژگی های شخصیتی روانی و رفتارهای جنسی پرخطر در دانشجویان
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|35887||2010||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4648 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 49, Issue 1, July 2010, Pages 29–33
Risky sexual behavior (RSB) is associated with a variety of negative health and social consequences including STDs and unplanned pregnancies. The present study focused on the association between psychopathic personality traits and RSB. College students (N = 511) completed self-report measures of RSB, psychopathic personality traits, and sensation seeking. When sensation seeking, Fearless Dominance psychopathic traits, and Impulsive Antisociality psychopathic traits were entered as predictors of RSB, only Impulsive Antisociality significantly contributed to the regression. These main effects were qualified by a gender by psychopathic traits interaction: (a) Impulsive Antisociality predicted RSB in both men and women, with a stronger association between Impulsive Antisociality and RSB in men, and (b) Fearless Dominance only predicted RSB in men. Thus, RSB may require both opportunity (associated with Fearless Dominance in men) and a combination of poor judgment and impulsive behavior (associated with Impulsive Antisociality in both men and women).
Risky sexual behavior (RSB) refers to “any behavior that increases the probability of negative consequences associated with sexual contact, including AIDS, or other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and unplanned pregnancy” (Cooper, 2002, p. 101, 102). Specifically, RSB includes behaviors such as having multiple partners, having casual sex with unknown partners, having sex without a condom, and using alcohol or drugs prior to or during sex (Turchik & Garske, 2009). In addition to putting the individual at risk for adverse health outcomes, RSB imposes a substantial burden on healthcare systems (e.g., Schackman et al., 2006). Despite health promotion and education programs to prevent the transmission of STDs, the prevalence of STDs in the United States remains high with approximately 19 million new infections annually, half of which occur among individuals aged 15–24 (Weinstock, Berman, & Cates, 2004). A variety of situational/contextual factors (e.g., cultural norms, availability of condoms, availability of drugs and alcohol) and individual difference variables (e.g., personality traits, attitudes, knowledge about the transmission of STDs) may contribute to the extent to which individuals engage in RSB. The present study focused on the association between psychopathic personality traits and RSB.