پیامدهای زیست محیطی در توریسم قطب جنوب از چشم انداز جهانی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|65138||2013||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4146 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Volume 105, 3 December 2013, Pages 781–791
Antarctica tourism evidently harms its ecosystem in direct and indirect ways. Ecosystems are dynamic and complex systems, which simultaneously depend on various humanity and natural factors. The nature of tourist activities continuously changes, which in turn needs improved policies and protection standards. If the varied tourism activities and the diverse consequent impacts are not adequately addressed, they would not be thoroughly considered by international treaties. This could pose unacceptable environmental risks supposedly legally safeguarded by these treaties. Hence, this study elaborated Antarctic tourism impacts in five major groups from a global perspetive. The results are useful for future legislations and implementations.