دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 40192
عنوان فارسی مقاله

اثر تجربه موسیقی در حافظه کلامی در سندرم ویلیامز: شواهدی از یک کار آموزش کلمه رمان

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
40192 2011 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Effect of musical experience on verbal memory in Williams syndrome: Evidence from a novel word learning task
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Neuropsychologia, Volume 49, Issue 11, September 2011, Pages 3093–3102

کلمات کلیدی
سندرم ویلیامز - موسیقی - حافظه کلامی - ناتوانی های رشدی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله اثر تجربه موسیقی در حافظه کلامی در سندرم ویلیامز: شواهدی از یک کار آموزش کلمه رمان

چکیده انگلیسی

Williams syndrome (WS) is a neurogenetic developmental disorder characterized by an increased affinity for music, deficits in verbal memory, and atypical brain development. Music has been shown to improve verbal memory in typical individuals as well as those with learning difficulties, but no studies have examined this relationship in WS. The aim of our two studies was to examine whether music can enhance verbal memory in individuals with WS. In Study 1, we presented a memory task of eight spoken or sung sentences that described an animal and identified its group name to 38 individuals with WS. Study 2, involving another group of individuals with WS (n = 38), included six spoken or sung sentences that identified an animal group name. In both studies, those who had participated in formal music lessons scored significantly better on the verbal memory task when the sentences were sung than when they were spoken. Those who had not taken formal lessons showed no such benefit. We also found that increased enjoyment of music and heightened emotional reactions to music did not impact performance on the memory task. These compelling findings provide the first evidence that musical experience may enhance verbal memory in individuals with WS and shed more light on the complex relationship between aspects of cognition and altered neurodevelopment in this unique disorder.

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