دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 152180
کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
152180 2018 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 8512 کلمه
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عنوان انگلیسی
Multi-scale governance in agriculture systems: Interplay between national and local institutions around the production dimension of food security in Mali
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, Volume 84, March 2018, Pages 94-102

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چکیده انگلیسی

Enforcement of rules and laws designed at the national level is still one of the dominant institutional mechanisms for effective multiscale governance in most countries. At times, such blanket regulations are not only unable to meet practical needs at local levels, but they may conflict with local institutional logics, thereby creating new challenges. This study looks at three institutional arrangements in the agriculture and food security sector in the district of Koutiala, Mali to analyse the institutional variety across scale and the underlying institutional logics. On one side, the Cooperative Law as well as the Seed Law both designed at national level to enable famers’ access to agriculture services and improved seeds have yielded mixed results with regard to anticipated outcomes. The cooperative law is believed to degrade the social cohesion and the mutual support on which vulnerable farmers rely when facing climatic and non-climatic risks whereas the new seed system is found onerous and unaffordable for farmers. On the other side, the local convention for the management of natural resources established as part of ongoing decentralised governance policy seems to resonate with local culture but challenged by other stakeholders. Through exploring these cases, this paper tests bricolage as an analytical framework for doing an institutional diagnostic. It aims at contributing to methodological and theoretical insights on the way sustainable institutions can be generated in conflicting institutional logics in the context of multi-scale governance

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