برنامه ریزی خطی مرزی نوع 2 فازی با بازه ی زمانی برش α بهینه مشترک نادرست مقاوم (RIJ-IT2FBLP) برای سیستم های انرژی برنامه ریزی تحت عدم قطعیت
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|25477||2014||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||12150 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Volume 56, March 2014, Pages 19–32
In this study, a new Robust Inexact Joint-optimal α cut Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Boundary Linear Programming (RIJ-IT2FBLP) model is developed for planning of energy systems by integrating both the interval T2 fuzzy sets and the Inexact Linear Programming (ILP) methods. It intends to find an optimal solution for energy systems under such uncertainty expressed as interval fuzzy boundary intervals that exist in the right-hand sides of model constraints. It improves the formal Fuzzy sets Linear Programming (FLP) method by using an optimal analysis in order to obtain an appropriate interpretation of type-2 fuzzy intervals and their solutions. The interval type-2 fuzzy boundary method can provide more accurate judgments to measure the dispersion of fuzzy sets. It also improves the formal interval Two-Step solving Method (TSM) by applying a Robust Two-Step algorithm (RTSM), which allows solutions to avoid absolute violation. Then, the developed model is applied to a case study of long term energy resources planning. Solutions related to interval T2 fuzzy sets linear programming are obtained. These help decision makers handle multiple ambiguity issues existing in energy demand, supply and capacity expansions. The results of the RIJ-IT2FBLP model not only deliver an optimized energy scheme, but also provide a suitable way to balance uncertain cost and profit parameters of an energy supply system. Therefore, the RIJ-IT2FBLP is considered a more practical method for energy management under multiple uncertainties.
Undoubtedly, increased human activities and complex modern energy systems have been further complicated by the mixed effects of social-economic, policy, institutional and environmental subsystems. Consequentially, energy related activities are highly susceptible to external environmental variations that significantly affect energy system performance, such as the Striker Regulations in environment protection altering energy utilization technology (i.e., encouragement of renewable energy usage and improvement of technology efficiency). Thus, it is rather difficult to quantify the generated impact from interactions among various external and internal factors in the macroscopic energy system, like energy demand, energy security strategy, fuel costs, weather conditions, financial constraints, multiple choices of energy resources, and technological improvement. The fact that both historical records and scientific knowledge of many dynamics are not precisely due to artificial or technical errors, as well as social and natural phenomena forecasted by the existing methods are largely unpredictable and often mispredicted results. The resultant unavailability of information or misinformation will directly produce multiple forms of uncertainty and complexity regarding the appropriate data. Take for instance, the fluctuating weather conditions that can cause the uncertainties existing in the available renewable energy resources (such as solar and wind energy), generation efficiency and other associated parameters in renewable energy generation systems. Moreover, realistic long-term planning procedures should take into account the uncertainties inherent in future projections and the dynamic characteristics varying with time. Therefore, it becomes necessary to introduce a systematic and consistent method to analyze various sources of uncertainty in the energy management system. This will provide decision makers (DMs) with recommendations for policies that are robust in the face of significant uncertainty about future outcomes and provide suggestions on how to reduce the uncertainty efficiently , , , , , , , , , ,  and . Optimization linear programming models are treated as useful and effective tools that have decidedly attracted social interest for many decades. Previously, numerous energy models had been developed for supporting long term energy management , , , , , , , , , , , ,  and . However, most of those methods fall within the Interval Linear Programming (ILP) method. Few of these methods comprehensively or systematically expound upon the fuzzy uncertainties of energy systems. Such uncertainties have great impact on optimization and decision processes. The Fuzzy Linear Programming (FLP) method is an effective method and was developed based on fuzzy theory and interval methodology. By applying fuzzy sets theory in energy management, the ambiguity and vague information of energy resources have been well quantified. However, this approach may lead to a more tedious calculation process, which either may not be suitable for large scale issues, or may make it difficult to directly communicate with optimization processes . Thus, Interval Linear Programming (ILP) has been introduced in the optimal planning process . It allows uncertainties to communicate with optimal models and can interpret uncertainties easier by using a simpler calculation process. More importantly, it can deal with such data that merely know membership function, very common in engineering planning. However, ILP may not be a feasible solution to the problem when the linear model has a highly uncertain parameter in the right hand side and/or in the left hand side of the equation. Because of this, much formal research incorporate both the FLP and ILP methods to fill the weak side of every approach ,  and . However, these integrating methods are not suitable for a situation in which the interval bounds may have other impacting factors. For example, when investors consider interest costs, the price of crude oil should be [1000 + 1000 * bank rate, 1200 + 1200 * bank rate] dollar per barrel rather than a crisp interval [1000, 1200] dollars per barrel. However, the bank rate changes all the time, so the bank rate could extended to interval-valued boundaries. Moreover, when people considers the elements in such boundary interval have different memberships for being a bank rate, thus such interval should be fuzzy. Therefore, the Full-Infinite Programming (FIP) method is an attractive algorithm developed to deal with boundary uncertainties  and  based on functional intervals. The FIP has advantages that improve upon conventional methods by dealing with boundary uncertainties as functional intervals. These improvements increase the ability of the optimal linear model to accommodate uncertainties by allowing functional intervals to describe the lower and upper boundaries uncertainty. This means that, in a non-deterministic environment, the interval numbers are no longer limited to crisp values. Many studies have applied this method in numerous fields, especially in energy and solid waste management  and . However, the main limitation of this method is that uncertainty in the interval transfer processes may lead to some loss of information. For example, the cost of crude oil may keep increasing or decreasing due to the technology or population factors. Therefore, the previous method is not able to reflect such uncertainties. To avoid such issues, a fuzzy boundary interval model has been developed . This model uses fuzzy sets in an attempt to address the uncertainty problems in previous research. However, use of this method can lead to complex calculations, which are grudgingly accepted by many researchers. To deal with these uncertainties, an interval-valued fuzzy sets model  was developed to deal with such uncertainties by using a few α cuts to represent a crisp approximation of fuzzy sets. Although these α-cuts were specially selected, it was not possible to avoid the arbitrariness in some particular cases. These finite α-cuts can potentially ignore some fuzzy information, which might contain essential information. A new infinite α-cuts method  was developed to solve this problem. Although this infinite α-cuts method has a complete theory, it only deals with one a special case of fuzzy set bounds, which has a crisp membership function fuzzy sets and cannot represent higher level of fuzzy sets theory. The formal fuzzy sets or type-1 fuzzy sets method assume that the membership function is unknown. Unfortunately, it is no possible, in practice, to determine a crisp membership function for a fuzzy set boundary. Therefore, by using T2 fuzzy sets method, it can provides grades of membership that are also fuzzy, which can describe fuzzy uncertain more complete. Therefore, the type-2 fuzzy set provides grades of membership that also are fuzzy. For example, the price of crude oil is not only influenced by interest rates and population impacts, but also its value which fluctuates throughout the day due to numerous conditions. Consequently, an optimal α-cut, with joints that consider upper and lower bounds of higher level fuzzy sets, should be developed to fully address interval fuzzy set interval bounds. This proposed interval type-2 fuzzy sets boundary method provides several enhancements to strengthen the weaknesses of previous methods. It is a new method to attempt fuzzy-fuzzy theory with inexact planning methods. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to use a type-2 fuzzy sets method to develop a Robust Inexact Joint-optimal α cut Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Boundary Linear Programming model (RIJ-IT2FBLP) to describe multiple uncertainties for energy system planning. The development of RIJ-IT2FBLP necessitates tasks involving: (1) integrating interval linear programming and fuzzy linear programming; (2) increasing the fuzziness (T2 fuzzy sets) of previous models; (3) extending the previous method proposed by Figueria in 2008, which means a pre-defusszificaiton algorithm based on an α-cut method is suggested, transferring Type-2(T2) fuzzy uncertainty into an interval valued approach; (4) developing an energy model (RIJ-IT2FBLP) that has a robust solution method, which can promise that the solutions are not out of boundary controlling; and (5) applying RIJ-IT2FBLP to adjust management of energy resources. The solutions of this model can help in three following ways: (a) It makes a more real simulation of energy flows; (b) It can reveal optimal results between energy demand and consumption; and (c) it can guide decisions for capacity expansion and allocations between non-renewable energy and renewable energy.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this study, a new RIJ-IT2FBLP method has been presented into the planning of energy resources management under uncertainty. This method can provide interval T2 fuzzy sets boundary to describe the higher level of fuzzy sets theory in linear programming. It uses an infinite amount of formal fuzzy set or type 1 fuzzy set embedded on FOU of the interval T2 to optimized energy systems. This T2 boundary method can use an uncertain membership function to simulate the interval fuzzy sets programming. Moreover, RIJ-IT2FBLP method makes T2 FS theory can be easier manipulated. By integrating T2 fuzzy sets linear programming, the type reduction process, interval methodology and RTSM techniques into an optimal framework can deal with the higher level fuzzy uncertainties contained in the right hand side parameters existing in the model. The T2 fuzzy set method is a tech to measure linguistic random uncertainty, which is not obtained by apply type 1 fuzzy set normal fuzzy set method. By this T2 fuzzy boundary, this approach has also improved the formal IFLP method by increasing the fuzziness of constraints. However, the DMs should notice that the choice of this method depending on the calculation efforts. Thus, the challenges associated with T2 fuzzy sets in dealing with uncertainties in constraints and intervals of the system objective can be calculated. The results suggest that this new method can effectively address interval fuzzy complexities for energy management under multiple uncertainties. In the future, it can be applied to many other energy problems such as hydro power management of reservoirs. It may also be applied to a real-world problem for further evaluation.