اندازه گیری و مقایسه عملکرد تحقیق و توسعه موسسات تحقیقاتی دولتی: رویکرد تحلیل پوششی داده ها از پایین به بالا
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|44575||2015||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7982 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Informetrics, Volume 9, Issue 4, October 2015, Pages 942–953
Government-funded research institutes (GRIs) have played a pivotal role in national R&D in many countries. A prerequisite for achieving desired goals of GRIs with the limited R&D budget is to be able to effectively measure and compare R&D performance of GRIs. This paper proposes the bottom-up approach in which the performance of a GRI is measured based on the efficiency of its R&D projects. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is employed to measure R&D efficiency of projects, and nonparametric statistical tests are run to measure and compare the R&D performance of GRIs. We apply the bottom-up DEA approach to the performance measurements of 10 Korean GRIs conducting a total of 1481 projects. The two alternatives for incorporating the relative importance of the output variables – the assurance region (AR) model and output integration – are also discussed. The proposed bottom-up approach can be used for formulating and implementing national R&D policy by effectively assessing the performance of GRIs.