دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 69914
عنوان فارسی مقاله

مروری بر مطالعات تجربی در مدل عدم توازن تلاش- پاداش در محل کار: کاهش استرس شغلی با اجرای یک تئوری جدید

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
69914 2004 25 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
A review of empirical studies on the model of effort–reward imbalance at work: reducing occupational stress by implementing a new theory
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Social Science & Medicine, Volume 59, Issue 11, December 2004, Pages 2335–2359

کلمات کلیدی
عدم توازن تلاش پاداش؛ مطالعات مداخله؛ پیش بینی اعتبار؛ فشار؛ روانی اجتماعی؛ کار
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله مروری بر مطالعات تجربی در مدل عدم توازن تلاش- پاداش در محل کار: کاهش استرس شغلی با اجرای یک تئوری جدید

چکیده انگلیسی

The present study reviews empirical studies of a new occupational stress model of effort–reward imbalance at work to examine its validity as an occupational stress measure and the theory-based intervention approach to occupational stress reduction. The effort–reward imbalance model is valid for demonstrating a stressful work environment that reflects the current labor market and predicts health conditions among a wide range of working populations. The stressful aspects of work measured by the effort–reward imbalance model are different from those shown in the job demand–control model, and the adverse health effects are independent of each other, which suggests that the two models are complementary. The evidence indicates that it is efficient to select psychosomatic symptoms as short-range target outcomes and sick leave as a medium-range target outcome of the theory-based intervention. In addition, it would be preferable to simultaneously measure job satisfaction, morale, motivation, and performance as organizational level outcomes. Although employees engaged in diverse occupations can be target populations, high effectiveness is expected, particularly in service occupations that work shifts. Studies are necessary to determine how long and how intensely interventions are implemented. Target work environments are selected from the perspective of securing or improving employees’ sense of fairness and reciprocity by approaching them. Since the theory-based intervention depends largely on organizational changes that are beyond the individual employees’ ability, the cooperation of employers is necessary.

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