رفتار سازمانی در فرایند تحقیق و توسعه بر اساس تجزیه و تحلیل ثبت اختراع :مدیریت تحقیق و توسعه استراتیژیک در یک شرکت الکترونیک ژاپنی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|9604||2002||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5010 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Technovation, Volume 22, Issue 7, July 2002, Pages 417–425
In the previous study [Tsuji, Org. Sci. 33 (2000) 62], the author showed that Canon's patent acquisition strategy effectively promotes their research and development (R&D). In the present study, the author investigated Canon's R&D process from the viewpoint of organizational behavior, paying particular attention to researchers' behavioral patterns, the significance of their patent acquisition strategy, and the role of the Patent Section. Patent application data reflecting performance of researchers in R&D activity relating to inkjet printers were analyzed. The results show that: first, Canon's R&D practice is mainly carried out by teams of researchers; second, each team usually focuses its research effort on a single specified element of technology or device; finally, at times, several teams combine to form larger groups, corresponding to certain stages of product development. Such flexible team behavior exemplifies a new type of unification–regulation system that effectively promotes the R&D process. The author also discusses the useful method of selecting key patents from medley patent gathering for organizational studies.