توسعه و اعتبار اولیه از یک اندازه گیری جدید از نارضایتی از بدن مردان
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|36378||2009||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3558 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Eating Behaviors, Volume 10, Issue 4, December 2009, Pages 197–201
The purpose of this research was to develop, and establish the initial psychometric properties of, the Male Body Dissatisfaction Scale (MBDS). Ninety-five male students were recruited over three phases. An item-remainder analysis was performed in phase I, convergent and discriminant validity assessed in phase II, and test–retest reliability and factor structure assessed in phase III. The MBDS achieved an alpha level of 0.93 and was inversely related to body esteem (p = 0.02) and self-esteem (p = 0.03), and positively related to how much participants' opinion of themselves was based on their body shape and weight (p < 0.01). The MBDS was not related to measures of affect, and was able to distinguish between males endorsing, and not endorsing, elevated body shape and weight concerns (p < 0.05). Finally, the MBDS displayed a test–retest reliability coefficient of 0.96 (p < 0.01). Findings suggest that the MBDS may fill the need for a reliable and valid measure of body dissatisfaction that allows men to weight particular aspects of their body image according to personal importance.
The prevalence of obesity, obesity surgery, and certain eating disorders has risen substantially in recent decades (Hedley et al., 2004, American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS), 2007 and Hay et al., 2008). Accordingly, research on body shape and weight has also increased. Until recently it was assumed that body dissatisfaction was primarily a concern for women (McCreary, 2007) and the majority of past research has focused on women's drive for thinness, which has been shown to predict the development of eating disorders (McCreary, 2007). Several authors, however, have shown that men share body image concerns to a degree similar to that found in women (Furnham et al., 2002 and Pope et al., 2000) and evidence suggests that both men and women are growing increasingly dissatisfied with their bodies (Adams, Turner, & Bucks, 2005). Despite similarities in degree, the focus of body dissatisfaction differs significantly for men and women (Gray & Ginsberg, 2007).