شناسایی تعارضات اتحادی درون سازمانی و بین سازمانی؛ مطالعه طولی یک پروژه آزمایشی اتحاد در یک صنعت فن آوری با پیشرفته
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|19997||2006||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8382 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Industrial Marketing Management, Volume 35, Issue 2, February 2006, Pages 116–127
The extant literature on alliances tends to neglect the effects of intraorganisational relationships within each alliance partner on the implementation of the alliance. To address this gap, this paper investigates both interorganisational and intraorganisational conflicts occurring during the implementation of a service alliance and aims at developing categories of conflicts as well as analysing how these conflict categories affect the implementation of the alliance. Thus, the overall purpose is to contribute to our understanding of implementation issues in alliances for the delivery of services. In order to do so, one case of a high-technology alliance has been studied longitudinally, with the researcher acting as a participant observer. Three interrelated categories of conflicts are developed through an analysis of the data: 1) the scope of the alliance, 2) the customer relationship, and 3) the implementation process. One important conclusion of this study is that the perspectives of several of the stakeholders, including the customers indirectly involved in the alliance, should be included when implementing service alliances.
Companies are increasingly focusing on activities for which they are supposed to have a core competence (Prahalad & Hamel, 1990). As a result, many firms are finding that they need to obtain complementary competencies from other firms for the activities that were previously conducted in-house. However, there is evidence that the efforts of firms to implement such alliances have failed to meet expectations (Barringer & Harrison, 2000, McIvor, 2000 and Stuart & McCutcheon, 2000) and that the problem of implementing alliances is not that well researched although it is improving (Boddy et al., 2000, Elmuti & Kathawala, 2001, Spekman et al., 1998 and Stuart & McCutcheon, 1996). The perspective taken in most of the extant literature on implementing alliances is from the level of analysis of the firm and it deals primarily with the relationship between the two partner firms. As a result, the firms themselves are generally viewed as black boxes (Kothandaraman & Wilson, 2000 and Spina & Zotteri, 2000). However, business relationships in industrial markets are often complex, involving people from different hierarchical levels and different functions in the organisations on both sides of the alliance relationship (Ford, 2002 and Webster, 1991). In particular, relational exchanges such as partnerships normally imply broad interactions between the involved firms (Kothandaraman & Wilson, 2000). For example, during the implementation of an alliance, firms experience changes in their operations and as a result, the differences in needs, interests, values, and preferences across individuals and groups within the organisations often lead to conflicts (Buchanan & Badham, 1999) both within and between the involved firms. Consequently, in order to better understand the problems involved in implementing alliances, it is necessary to investigate more deeply the relationships inside alliances by studying the relationships between the different functions in the involved partner firms. This paper focuses on an industrial firm's attempt to improve its marketing effectiveness through the implementation of an alliance with an education company. In contrast to much of the previous research on implementing alliances, this paper includes an analysis of the relationships between several functions in both the studied partner firms. In other words, this paper not only looks at interorganisational relationships, but it also looks at the intraorganisational relationships related to the implementation of the alliance. Thus, the overall purpose of this paper is to contribute to our understanding of implementation issues in service alliances. To fulfil this purpose, this paper focuses on the narrower concept of conflicts occurring during the implementation of alliances for the delivery of services. Researchers have suggested that conflicts in alliances are one of the most prevalent reasons for alliance failure (Kelly et al., 2002, Lorange & Roos, 1991, Mentzer et al., 2000, Mohr & Spekman, 1994 and Moore, 1998) and that managing the soft issues such as conflict is a key managerial issue (Kanter, 1994, Maloni & Benton, 1997 and Wildeman, 1998). In this paper, identifying and analysing conflicts is seen as a method for understanding important elements of the alliance implementation process. In other words, conflicts in the alliance are seen as manifest illustrations of important problems in the alliance. The specific purpose of the paper is to identify and analyse conflicts between different actors involved in the implementation of a service alliance and to suggest categories of conflicts in service alliances. Since the aim is not to contribute to theories on conflict but to the understanding on alliance implementation issues, implications for how to implement service alliances in marketing channels are also discussed as well as some implications for the development of new industrial marketing strategies. This article presents a case in which the conflicts within the firm implementing the alliance were stronger than those between the partners. This result indicates that managerial attention should be focused more on internal relationships than what the majority of the alliance literature suggests. The article also presents details on the implementation process and the conflicts that occurred. The results of this paper are based on a longitudinal study of an alliance pilot project between SysCo, an industrial company, and TeachIT, an education company.1 The paper is organised as follows. First a theoretical background is presented, including a review of literature on alliance implementation problems and conflicts in alliances. Second, the methodology and analysis of the case are presented. Third, the results and conclusions are presented.