یک طرح محافظت غیر انحصاری برای خازن سری مدار دوگانه جبران خطوط انتقال
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|142698||2017||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Electric Power Systems Research, Volume 148, July 2017, Pages 311-325
This paper presents a non-unit protection scheme for series capacitor compensated transmission lines (SCCTL) using discrete wavelet transform and k-nearest neighbor (k-NN) algorithm. All the protective relaying functions such as fault detection, fault classification, faulty phase identification and fault location estimation have been considered in this work. Such a comprehensive work providing all protective relaying functions for protection of double circuit SCCTL utilizing k-NN has not been reported so far. The signal processing and feature extraction are done using discrete wavelet transform due to its capability to differentiate between high and low frequency transient components. For fault detection and classification, only approximate wavelet coefficient of current signal up to level 1 has been used; while for k-NN location estimation, both voltage and current signals of the two circuits are decomposed up to level 3 have been used. Finally, the standard deviation of one cycle pre-fault and one cycle post-fault samples of the approximate wavelet coefficients are calculated to form the feature vector for the k-NN-based algorithm. The performance of the proposed technique is evaluated for large number of fault events with variation in fault type including inter-circuit faults, fault inception angle, fault location and fault resistance. The change in position of series capacitor and different degree of compensation has been discussed. The accuracy of the proposed k-NN-based fault detection and classification module is 100% for all the tested fault cases with a decision period of less than half cycle. The k-NN-based fault location scheme estimates the location of fault with â¤1% error for most of the tested fault cases, which is an exceptional attribute of the proposed scheme as compared with 10â15% error of conventional distance relaying scheme.