عملکرد حرارتی سقف های سبز گسترده در منطقه شهری نیمه گرمسیری
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|151807||2018||31 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Energy and Buildings, Volume 159, 15 January 2018, Pages 39-53
Extreme weather events caused by climate change intensify the heat island effect, and a lack of greenery in urban areas increases the psychological stress and anxiety of city dwellers. This study compared the temperature reductions and heat amplitude reductions provided by four types of green roofing that can cover bare rooftops. The four types of plants grown on extensive green roofs in this study were: shrubs, perennial herbs, vines, and groundcover; these are potentially healing plants. Furthermore, this study investigated the effects of air temperature, relative humidity, and solar radiation on temperature reduction of the rooftop. Four-stage field experiments under various ambient temperatures were conducted on the roof of a typical residential townhouse in the Taichung metropolitan area, in central Taiwan, which has a warm oceanic climate/humid subtropical climate (Cfa). The results indicated that the bottom temperature of the perennial herb, shrub, vine, and groundcover green roofs were lower than the bare rooftop temperature by 17.75Â Â°C, 12.57Â Â°C, 11.55Â Â°C, and 9.31Â Â°C, respectively. The heat amplitude reductions of the bare rooftop were defined as 1 minus the result of dividing the experimental temperature fluctuation by the rooftop temperature fluctuation; the heat amplitude reductions attributed to the shrub and perennial herb green roofs were similar (83.32% and 82.58%, respectively); smaller reductions were produced by the vine (79.78%) and groundcover (74.88%) roofs. Moreover, air temperature and solar radiation were positively related to temperature reduction of the bare rooftop, and relative humidity was negatively related to temperature reduction. Finally, plants in extensive green roofs can further reduce the surface temperature of a bare rooftop when compared with that of bare soil roofs.