بررسی سبک های فرزندپروری، شخصیت مادرانه و ذهنی رفاه
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|34545||2008||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 44, Issue 3, February 2008, Pages 587–597
The goal of the present study was to explore how parental BIS/BAS relates to parenting styles, and to investigate if subjective well-being (SWB) moderates these associations. Mothers (n = 95) were asked to complete measures of personality, parenting styles, and life satisfaction (SWB). Results revealed that mothers who reported high BAS were significantly more likely to report being nurturing and were either more likely to be authoritative (high nurture and high control) or neglectful (low nurture and low control). Subsequent analyses revealed that mothers high in both BAS and SWB were significantly more likely to be authoritative, whereas mothers high in BAS and low in SWB were significantly more likely to be neglectful. Results suggest the value of considering personality in parenting research.
Parenting is an essential component in child development and is often associated with important child outcomes such as cognitive and social competencies (Lambourn, Mounts, Steinberg, & Dornbusch, 1991). Understanding what contributes to parenting allows us to better predict outcomes, which may in turn aid in the development of more effective preventive measures, or in identifying people likely to have parenting difficulties. In conceptual models of the determinants of parenting, personality is considered a crucial element (e.g., Belsky, 1984). Although there has been some empirical research exploring links between parenting and the Five Factor Model of personality (e.g., Metsäpelto & Pulkkinen, 2003), there have been no attempts to directly investigate parenting and Gray’s (1981) behavioural motivation systems. As pervasive individual differences, approach and avoidance motivational orientations may help explain why people parent the way they do. Moreover, the relations between personality and parenting may not always be linear. In this paper we test the ideas that personality may predispose parents to particular parenting styles and that subjective well-being (SWB) may moderate these relations.