طراحی مطلوب شبکه های آبرسانی با استفاده از یک روش بهبود انرژی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|159667||2018||37 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Renewable Energy, Volume 117, March 2018, Pages 404-413
Water Distribution Networks (WDNs) represent a major investment for water supply systems development. The standard procedure for their design is to search for the minimum cost, which is produced by the smaller diameters capable of maintaining the minimum required pressure. However, some District Metered Areas (DMAs) have a significant topographic elevation difference, and even if the minimum diameters are reached, the pressure remains high, and a Pressure Reducing Valve (PRV) is necessary. However, if the pipe diameters of the network are increased, distributed headloss will be reduced, and this additional energy will be locally dissipated in PRVs to maintain the pressure in the DMA below the maximum allowed value. If a turbine is installed instead, the dissipated energy can be used, creating a benefit that can justify the additional investment due to the diameter increment. Therefore, this paper presents a method for the optimal design of a WDN considering energy recovery. The use of Pumps as Turbines (PATs) is considered for energy production. The optimal design is obtained using a two-level optimization procedure: the first is used to obtain pipe diameters, and the second is used for PAT selection. Particle Swarm Optimization is used, and two case studies are presented.