طبقه بندی استراتژی های آب و هوایی، مورد استفاده در محل های مسکونی بومی ایران بر اساس عناصر تشکیل دهنده فضایی
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Building and Environment, Volume 92, October 2015, Pages 475–493
In spite of worldwide climate change and problems caused by fossil fuel use, energy consumption levels in Iran and all over the world, while already high, keep up to rise each year. Iran's hot and cold climatic regions are vast, and significant amount of energy is consumed in these areas for heating, cooling, and ventilation. However, with the same climatic conditions in the past, multiple effective strategies had been used in vernacular residences to confront the harsh circumstances. These strategies have a high potential for getting reused and revived in a way that the fossil energy used in contemporary architecture is minimized. Although lots of strategies taken from the past such as wind towers have been reused in most sustainable structures, and most of them have been perfectly studied one by one, but the relationship between these strategies in different levels of the space working together to make a comfortable environment has not been perceived precisely. This paper aims to classify almost all climatic strategies into different levels of space which has been separated based on air temperature difference, such as roof level, wall level, ground and under ground level, and plan strategies together, so that they could be seen all in one pattern in different levels of the space. The final pattern of strategies relationship with true emplacement, as the conclusion of analyzing mentioned levels in three case studies in this paper, could give environment designers more awareness to utilize climatic strategies in more appropriate way in contemporary architecture.