بررسی تجربی ماهیت ترکهای طولی در خطوط انتقال نفت و گاز
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|147966||2018||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 741, 15 April 2018, Pages 1121-1129
Oil and gas pipeline maintenance and monitoring are of utmost importance. Therefore, being aware of the pipeline conditions, predicting their failure, planning to manage emergencies and evaluating their conditions are essential. In this study, Magnetic Particle test inspection was performed on a 52-year-old, 6 inch steel pipeline, which was primarily used as an oil transmission pipeline but was repurposed to a gas transmission pipeline later. Longitudinal cracks were found on the pipes during the inspection. Several tests were conducted aiming to clarify the nature of these cracks. The tests included chemical analysis, tensile test, impact test, hardness measurement to determine the type of steel, soil tests to specify the elements present in the soil and to evaluate corrosion conditions of the soil, SEM imaging, optical microscopy, and Energy-Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). The steel was found to be of X46 grade and the tests did not suggest the presence of aerobic as well as anaerobic bacteria in the environment. Moreover, the EDS results did not show any signs of corrosion in the samples. The depth of cracks was measured to be 80Î¼m. No evidence of hydrogen induced cracking (HIC) and stress corrosion cracking (SCC) which are the main cracking mechanisms of steel transmission pipelines was appeared in the present study. Overall, it is safe to conclude that the longitudinal cracks were formed during fabrication.