بررسی مقیاس مولکولی ناشی از انحلال در سلول های خورشیدی پلیمری هیدروژنی فله با استفاده از اسپکتروسکوپ رامان در محل
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|54355||2014||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 120, Part B, January 2014, Pages 526–535
We have carried out temperature dependent in-situ Raman as well as optical microscopy of poly(3-hexylthiophene) and [6,6]-phenyl-C71 butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT:PCBM) films to investigate the structural and morphological evolution during heating and cooling cycles of thermal annealing. The full-width half-maximum of symmetric CåC stretching mode, CåC/C–C intensity ratio and Raman shift of CåC mode of P3HT measured during heating upto 130 °C as well as subsequent cooling revealed that: (i) molecular disorder in P3HT chains increase during heating cycle and (ii) on cooling the molecular ordering enhances rapidly at ~100 °C. However, heating to higher temperatures (>150 °C) leads to the formation of PCBM aggregates. The mechanism of morphology evolution in P3HT:PCBM films envisaged through in-situ Raman and optical microscopy has been confirmed by other ex-situ techniques, such as, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, UV–vis spectroscopy and X-ray elemental mapping. A correlation between the morphological evolution and various photovoltaic parameters of the fabricated P3HT:PCBM solar cells has been established.