منابع شریک و بروز و بقا در دو علت عمده مرگ و میر
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|126189||2018||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : SSM - Population Health, Volume 4, April 2018, Pages 271-279
Because people tend to marry social equals â and possibly also because partners affect each otherâs health â the social position of one partner is associated with the other partnerâs health and mortality. Although this link is fairly well established, the underlying mechanisms are not fully identified. Analyzing disease incidence and survival separately may help us to assess when in the course of the disease a partnerâs resources are of most significance. This article addresses the importance of partnerâs education, income, employment status, and health for incidence and survival in two major causes of death: cancer and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Based on a sample of Finnish middle-aged and older couples (around 200,000 individuals) we show that a partnerâs education is more often connected to incidence than to survival, in particular for CVD. Once ill, any direct effect of partnerâs education seems to decline: The survival chances after being hospitalized for cancer or CVD are rather associated with partnerâs employment status and/or income level when other individual and partner factors are adjusted for. In addition, a partnerâs history of poor health predicted higher CVD incidence and, for women, lower cancer survival. The findings suggest that various partnerâs characteristics may have different implications for disease and survival, respectively. A wider focus on social determinants of health at the household level, including partnerâs social resources, is needed.