آیا بازسازی مسکن پس از فاجعه با روش مشارکتی موثر است برای افزایش آگاهی مردم از آگاهی از وقوع بحران؟
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Procedia Engineering, Volume 212, 2018, Pages 411-418
This research aims to evaluate the long-term changes between level of peopleâs participation in post-disaster housing construction and current level of awareness for the natural disaster. Questionnaire survey was conducted in three areas which were affected by tsunami (Ache) and earthquake (Yogyakarta and Padang) in Indonesia. Ache was devastated by Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004, about 31,000 people were killed in the capital of Banda Ache alone. Yogyakarta was hit by earthquake in 2006, and over 5,000 people were killed and 95% housing was collapsed in the community located near the epicenter. Padang was affected by earthquake in 2009, and 1,100 people were reported to be killed or missing. Total of 504 samples were collected (Ache 170, Yogyakarta 155 and Padang 179), we have compared three areas to understand the relationship with âparticipationâ and âawarenessâ. This research findings will be useful to the housing reconstruction planning such as how to increase peopleâs awareness and how we can approach to peopleâs action for the future. We believe the possibility of participatory method for recovery phase, but long-term evaluation will reveal undiscussed issues, and it will give us a hint to improve more effective support for the people.