آنالیز اطلاعات خاموشی ترانسفورماتور قدرت ابزار بر اساس گزارش خاموشی در طول 2002-2009
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Volume 47, May 2013, Pages 41–51
Statistical analysis of failures and forced outages of power transformers constitute an important basis for asset management of these transformers. Results of the statistical analysis can be used, for example, to enhance utility reliability, influence transformer design and technology, and improve maintenance and condition monitoring practices. In addition, various methods for transformer reliability evaluation require that the expected values of component outage rates, outage durations, and repair durations be known. In this paper, outage data are obtained from the Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company (EETC). This work presents outage data analysis over eight years, from 2002 to 2009, for 1922 (average number) transformers in voltage populations ranging from 33 kV to 500 kV and MVA rating from 5 MVA to 500 MVA. Forced outages due to correct and false action of transformer’s protection systems are carefully considered. Outage data analysis is conducted according to two basic phases. In the first phase, failure and repair analysis of transformers is performed while in the second phase impact of transformer outages on customers is assessed. Percentage average number of failures (%AANF) and annual average repair time (AART) per transformer are used to represent the failure and repair data of power transformers. Two indicators are used to represent the impact of transformer outages on customer interruptions. These indicators are the annual average interrupted MW (AAIMW) and annual average customer-interruption duration (AACID). A summary of the main outcomes of the work presented in this paper is provided in the conclusions’ section; however, it is worthy to be mentioned here that the fire-fighting systems are responsible for the highest number of false trips in all voltage subpopulations except the 220 kV subpopulation where the dominant cause of false trips is the busbar protection. Therefore, it is recommended to improve the maintenance and design of this protection equipment to reduce the failure rate of power transformers.