راه حل های ساختمانی برای صرفه جویی در انرژی خانه تک خانواده بر اساس تجزیه و تحلیل چند معیار چرخه زندگی: یک مطالعه موردی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|68901||2016||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 112, Part 1, 20 January 2016, Pages 532–541
Improvements in the design of energy efficient houses lead to the increase of environmental impact in construction and demolition phases, creating a need to investigate the use of construction materials more carefully. The approach presented herein is based on a complex system of criteria that allows performing comprehensive evaluation of the alternative design solutions. This article presents a case study which illustrates the proposed approach. In this study we estimate the environmental impacts of three alternative types of envelopes (masonry, log and timber frame) of an energy efficient single-family house, simultaneously identifying the most rational alternative according to the considered criteria (reduction of expenses, non-renewable primary energy, Green House Gases and ozone layer depletion). Results of the life cycle assessment and life cycle cost analysis are evaluated by the multi-criteria decision analysis method and criteria weights of impact categories are determined by the analytic hierarchy process method. The results obtained with the life cycle assessment and life cycle cost show that in the case of buildings, which are designed according to the passive house requirements, the share of the embodied input and output flows in the whole life cycle generally constitutes more than 1/3.