اثر مواجهه مورفین والدین موش با حافظه اجتناب ناپذیر و ترجیح محل مورفین در پسران مرد
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|130258||2018||34 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Physiology & Behavior, Volume 184, 1 February 2018, Pages 143-149
Drug addiction is a chronic disorder resulted from complex interaction of genetic, environmental, and developmental factors. Epigenetic mechanisms play an important role in the development and maintenance of addiction and also memory formation in the brain. We have examined passive avoidance memory and morphine conditioned place preference (CPP) in the offspring of male and/or female rats with a history of adulthood morphine consumption. Adult male and female animals received chronic oral morphine for 21Â days and then were maintained drug free for 10Â days. After that, they were let to mate with either an abstinent or control rat. Male offspring's memory was evaluated by step through test. Besides, rewarding effects of morphine were checked with CCP paradigm. Offspring of abstinent animals showed significant memory impairment compared to the control group which was more prominent in the offspring of abstinent females. Conditioning results showed that administration of a high dose of morphine (10Â mg/kg) that could significantly induce CPP in control rats, was not able to induce similar results in the offspring of morphine abstinent parents; and CPP was much more prominent when it was induced in the offspring of morphine exposed females compared to the progeny of morphine exposed males. It is concluded that parental morphine consumption in adulthood even before mating has destructive effects on memory state of the male offspring and also leads to tolerance to the rewarding effects of morphine. These effects are greater when the morphine consumer parent is the female one.