تغییرات طولی در مغز بیماران مبتلا به روان زبان پریشی رونده ابتدایی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|62547||2014||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Brain and Language, Volume 131, April 2014, Pages 11–19
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a rare clinical dementia syndrome with predominant, progressive language impairment. Clinical symptoms, linguistic impairment and the course of the disease may vary considerably between patients. In order to capture these aspects, longitudinal assessments of neurofunctional changes in PPA including their relationship to behaviour and clinical symptoms are mandatory, ideally at intervals shorter than 1 year. Here, we report a longitudinal fMRI study investigating the development of lexical processing and their neural basis in PPA patients over 1 year. Four logopenic PPA patients and four matched controls were scanned 3 times (T1, T2, T3, at 6 months intervals) while performing a visual lexical decision task on German words and pseudowords. Group differences for the lexicality effect (pseudowords > words) were assessed at time point T1 and its longitudinal changes in the BOLD signal associated with the lexicality effect were analysed. Brain atrophy was assessed with a high-resolution MPRAGE sequence and analysed using deformation based morphometry (DBM). From the very beginning of the study, PPA patients showed reduced left-hemispheric and increased right-hemispheric activations compared to controls. During the progression of the disease, activation increased predominantly in left posterior middle temporal gyrus (pMTG) and inferior frontal junction area, whereas the same regions decreased in activity in control brains. Interestingly, DBM data showed that this increase in activation in PPA patients was accompanied by progressing atrophy in the same regions. At a behavioural level, the accuracy in the lexical decision task was comparably high for both groups during the whole period of examination, despite some large variability between patients. To conclude, the dissociation between (i) maintained high performance, (ii) increased activity in regions involved in lexical access such as pMTG, and (iii) progressive atrophy of the very same regions supports the notion of a compensatory mechanism in brains of PPA patients for maintaining language while brain atrophy is progressing. The activity increase within a left-lateralised fronto-temporal network seems vital for high-level performance, whereas initial right-hemispheric recruitment of homologue language regions, which is reminiscent of that in vascular aphasics, has no continuous impact on lexical performance.